Today we’ll see grammar patterns which are used to form sentences to speak about the intentions or plans.
V - 게 Grammar
This grammar pattern is used to state the reasons for doing certain actions in order to achieve certain goals.
It indicates the basis, degree, method of etc.
This can be equivalent to saying in order to, in such a way or so that (something).
You can use verb ~게 in an assertive sentences or negative sentences which becomes verb ~지 않게 in that case.
1) 제시간에 도착하게 일찍 나갑시다.
Let's go out early so that we can get there on time.
2) 먹기 편하게 냉면을 잘라 주세요.
Cut the Naengmyeon so that it's easy to eat.
의미 : Used when performing an action for the sake of something or to accomplish something. Specifically, it indicates the speaker will do what is stated in the second clause for the sake of what is stated in the first clause.
V- 기 위해 (서) cannot be used directly to adjectives. However if-아 / 어지다 has added to an adjective, making it a verb, then it can be used with V- 기 위해 (서)
1. 노트북 컴퓨터를 사기 위해서 돈을 모았어요
I saved up money to buy a laptop computer.
2. 건강을 위해서 매일 운동하고 있어요
I'm exercising every day for my health.
An expression used to indicate that a result not intended during the preceding act appears in the following statement. This expression can have the meaning of " instead ended up (doing something)" or "but instead".
It is used with verbs only.
1) 설탕을 친다는 것이 소금을 쳤어요.
I thought I was putting sugar but instead I added salt.
2) 한 번 초대한다는 것이 바빠서 못 했지요.
I was going to invite them but instead I got busy.
A connective ending used when the preceding statement is the purpose, result, method, amount, etc., of something mentioned in the following statement.
It can be equivalent to saying ~so that, in order that, that, so as to, in order to…. in English.
It should be used with Verbs.
1) 그 여자에게 말하지 않도록 주의하라
Take care not to tell her.
2) 급행 열차에 댈 수 있도록 빨리 일어났다
I got up early so as to be on time for the express.
An expression used when the speaker promises or notifies the listener that he/she will do something.
This is yet another grammar pattern which is easy to use.
1) I'll take care of cleaning my room.
제 방 청소는 제가 알아서 할게요.
2) In the office, I will sit in a designated seat.
사무실에서는 정해진 자리에 앉을게요.
~기로 하다 has a similar meaning as ~(으)러 and ~(으)려고 하다 which is used with action verbs to express a plan or intention of any individual. It is added in the end of a sentence or clause to indicate that one “decides to do” an action.
When expressing it in past tense ~기로 하다 becomes ~기로 했다.
1) 인도가기로 했는데 코로나 때문에 못 가거든요.
I intended to go to India but can't go because of Corona.
2) 주말에 부모님과 같이 밥 먹기로 약속했어요.
I promised to have dinner with my parents on the weekend.
~(으)러 has a similar meaning but the thing to remember is it is used only with some specific motion related action verbs like 가다, 오다 or 나가다. It can be used with suggestive, imperative, interrogative, and declarative sentences.
1) 오늘 도서관에 가려고 합니다.
Today I am planning to go to the library.
2) 아침에 몇 시에 부산으로 출발하려고 합니까?
At what time in the morning do you intend to set off for Busan ?
It is used when a person has considered doing an action, but another action happens which overlaps with the original planned action.
It can be understood as “was about to” , “on the verge of" or "intending to.”
1) I was just about to have lunch, care to join me?
막 점심을 먹으려던 참인데 같이 갈래요?
2) I was just about to leave.
막 나가려던 참이었다
An expression used to indicate the speaker's intention to do the act mentioned in the preceding statement, as a condition for the following statement.
An expression used to indicate the speaker's strong guess as a condition for the following statement.
1) Jisoo must have arrived home by now, so call her.
지수는 지금쯤 집에 도착했을 테니까 전화해 보세요.
2) I'll put the kids to sleep, so you get some rest.
아이들은 내가 재울 테니까 당신은 좀 쉬어.
It is used to indicate what either the listener or a third party would or must do.
It is an expression used to indicate the speaker's determination or will, used to indicate that the listener or another person is supposed to do a certain thing or be in a certain state.
1) 시간이 더 걸리더라도 기다려야지요.
We have to wait even if it takes more time.
2) 사람은 모름지기 정직해야지요.
People should be honest without knowing.
An expression used to express that the incident mentioned in the preceding statement almost occurred but ultimately did not occur. It can be used in the expressions used to exaggerate something that happened in the past.
1) 눈길에서 속력을 줄이지 않아서 사고가 날 뻔했다.
I almost had an accident because I didn't reduce the speed in my eyes.
2) 지수는 부모님의 사고 소식을 듣고 정신을 잃을 뻔했다.
Jisoo almost lost her mind when she heard the news of her parents' accident.
" Verb + (으)러 " is used to express the motive, purpose or intention of the action.
It has the meaning of " in order to do something " and 가다, 오다 or 다니다 is always followed by the verb in the sentence.
1) 우리는 쇼핑하러 명동에 갈 거예요.
We are going to Myeongdong to shop.
2) 밥 먹으러 가는 거 어때 ?
How about going for a meal ?
A connective ending used when the speaker has a certain purpose, intention, hope, etc.
It can mean "wanting to, wishing to, should/would like to, going to, willing to, intending to, so as to, with the intention of, so that ~ may, for the purpose of" etc in English.
1) 그게 내가 말하고자 했던 거다
That is what I was going to say. or This is what I was wanting to say.
2) 충분한 수면을 취하고자 그는 일찍 잔다
He goes to bed early so as to get plenty of sleep.
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