Complete Guide to TOPIK - Self Study Package BX0121

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Learning grammar is one of the most difficult things for Korean language learners. On this blog we will try to help you learn Korean grammar in the quickest and easiest way possible. This blog will be helpful for those who are studying Korean language and want to improve their grammar skills.

Today we’ll see how to form sentences with grammar pattern “ V + (으)러 가다/오다/다니다 " with some example sentences. 

V +(으)러 가다/오다/다니다

" Verb + (으)러 " is used to express the motive, purpose or intention of the action.

It has the meaning of  " in order to do something " and 가다, 오다 or 다니다 is always followed by the verb in the sentence.

  • When the verb stem ends with vowel or ㄹ then 러 가다/오다/다니다 has to be added. 
  • When the verb stem ends with a consonant then 으러 가다/오다/다니다 has to be added.

How to conjugate " Verb + (으)러 " grammar pattern?






Verb + 으러

When the verb stem ends with a consonant.

먹다 - 먹으러


Verb + 러

When the verb stem ends with vowel or ㄹ

배다 - 배우러

In the case 1 when the verb stem ends with a consonant like 먹다 (to eat), 받다 (to receive) etc. 

Remove 다 and add 으러

It becomes -

  • 먹으러 In order to eat
  • 받으러 In order to receive

In case case 2 when the verb stem ends with a vowel like 보내다 (to send), 주다 (to give) etc.

Remove 다 and add 러

It becomes - 

  • 보내러 In order to send
  • 주러 In order to give


Let's see some example sentences :

  • 우리는 쇼핑하러 명동에 갈 거예요.

         We are going to Myeongdong to shop.

  • 밥 먹으러 가는 거 어때 ?

         How about going for a meal ?

  • 한국어를 배우러 온 게 아닌가요?

         Aren't you here to learn Korean?

  • 의사 선생님 만나러 다녀올게.

         I'll go see the doctor.

  • 책을 반납하러 왔습니다.

         I'm here to return your books. 

Notice how 가다, 오다 or 다니다 is always added after the verb + (으)러 form of grammar.

Learning Korean can be tricky, especially when the goal of your learning is conversation. If you’ve ever attempted to speak Korean but were unable to, then hopefully you’ll find this post helpful.

Thank you for reading. If you have any questions or suggestions. Comment down below. 

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