Learning grammar is one of the most difficult things for Korean language learners. On this blog we will try to help you learn Korean grammar in the quickest and easiest way possible. This blog will be helpful for those who are studying Korean language and want to improve their grammar skills.
Today we’ll see how to form sentences with grammar pattern “ Verb + (으)려고 하다 " with some example sentences.
~(으)려고 and ~(으)려고 하다 are used with action verbs to express a plan or intention of any individual.
When expressing it in past tense ~(으)려고 하다 becomes ~(으)려고 했다.
~(으)러 has a similar meaning but the thing to remember is it is used only with some specific motion related action verbs like 가다, 오다 or 나가다. It can be used with suggestive, imperative, interrogative, and declarative sentences.
Let's just take an example :
- Today I'll go to the library to study. - 오늘은 도서관에 공부하러 가겠어요.
But today we will be talking about (으)려고 하다.
~(으)려고 and ~(으)려고 하다 are not used with suggestive or imperative sentences.
~(으)려고 makes an incomplete clause meaning ' In order to do something ' ' or 'With the intention of doing something'.
~(으)려고 하다 makes a complete sentence that can show intention for action or a possible state of the near future.
How to conjugate " Verb + (으)려고 하다 " grammar pattern?
V + (으)려고 하다
Used when the verb stem ends with consonant
먹다 - 먹으려고 하다
V + 려고 하다
Used when the verb stem ends with vowel or 'ㄹ' patchim
가 - 가려고 하다
만들다 - 만들려고 하다
1) Regarding the ‘V + (으)려고 하다’ conjugation information.
Remove ‘다’ from basic form of the verb, if the verb stem ends with a consonant, you have to add (으)려고 하다 after the verb stem.
For example in 먹다 after removing ‘다’ the stem ends with a consonant 'ㄱ ', then '(으)려고 하다' has to be added in the end.
Ex : 먹다 - 먹으려고 하다
2) Regarding the ‘V + 려고 하다’ conjugation information.
Remove ‘다’ from basic form of the verb, if the verb stem ends with a vowel or 'ㄹ' patchim, add '려고 하다' after the verb stem.
For example in verbs like 가다, after removing ‘다’ the stem ends with a vowel '아', then ''려고 하다' has to be added in the end.
Ex : 가 - 가려고 하다
만들다 - 만들려고 하다
- 오늘 도서관에 가려고 합니다.
Today I am planning to go to the library.
- 아침에 몇 시에 부산으로 출발하려고 합니까?
At what time in the morning do you intend to set off for Busan ?
- 좋아하기 때문에 한국어 배우려고 해요.
I am going to study Korean because I like it.
~(으)려고 하다 when used in the past tense can be understood with some example sentences given below.
- 오늘 도서관에 가려고 했어요.
I planned/intended to go to the library today.
- 인도가려고 했는데 코로나 때문에 못 가거든요.
I intended to go to India but can't go because of Corona.
- 주말에 부모님과 같이 밥 먹으려고 약속했어요.
I promised to have dinner with my parents on the weekend.
Learning Korean can be tricky, especially when the goal of your learning is conversation. If you’ve ever attempted to speak Korean but were unable to, then hopefully you’ll find this post helpful.
Thank you for reading. If you have any questions or suggestions. Comment down below.