Today we'll be looking at the usage of "V~아/어야지요" Korean grammar pattern with some example sentences.
It is used to indicate what either the listener or a third party would or must do.
It is an expression used to indicate the speaker's determination or will, used to indicate that the listener or another person is supposed to do a certain thing or be in a certain state.
It is also used to emphasize when someone or something is supposed to be in a certain situation or state, but it is not so.
It is attached to an action verb stem.
Now let's look at the conjugation rule :
- After verbs stem endings with a vowels other than 아, 야 or 오 ~어야지요 is used.
- After verbs stems ending with vowels 아, 야 or 오 ~아야지요 is used.
- After verbs with 하다 ending ~해야지요 is used.
There are three ways to use this grammar pattern. Lets try to understand the usages with the example sentences.
1. An expression used to indicate the speaker's determination or will.
1) 저도 올해는 결혼해야지요.
I have to get married this year, too.
2) 내일이 시험이니 오늘은 공부를 해야지요.
I have an exam tomorrow, so I have to study today.
3) 유학갈 날도 얼마 남지 않았으니 영어 공부도 열심히 해야지요.
There's not much time left until you study abroad, so you have to study English hard.
4) 시간이 더 걸리더라도 기다려야지요.
We have to wait even if it takes more time.
5) 자꾸 우울해지니 집에 가서 신나는 음악이나 들어야지요.
I keep getting depressed, so I'll go home and listen to exciting music.
2. An expression used to indicate that the listener or another person is supposed to do a certain thing or be in a certain state.
1) 이제 그만 가 봐야지요.
I should get going now.
2) 죄를 지었으면 벌을 받아야지요.
If you commit a crime, you should be punished.
3) 사람이 양보를 해 주면 고마운 줄 알아야지요.
You should be grateful if a person makes a concession.
4) 아무리 바빠도 식사는 하고 가셔야지요.
No matter how busy you are, you have to eat before you go.
5) 식사를 하셨으니 이제 약을 드셔야지요.
Now that you've eaten, you should take your medicine.
6) 몸이 안 좋으시면 집에서 쉬어야지요.
If you're not feeling well, you should rest at home.
7) 사람은 모름지기 정직해야지요.
People should be honest without knowing.
8) 아무리 바빠도 식사는 해야지요.
No matter how busy you are, you have to eat.
3. An expression used to emphasize that someone or something is supposed to be in a certain situation or state, but it is not so.
1) 열쇠를 어디다 두었는지 도통 생각이 나야지요.
You have to remember where you left the key.
2) 채소가 몸에 좋다고 해도 어디 애들이 먹어야지요.
Even if vegetables are good for the body, kids should eat them. (Vegetables are good for the body, kids should eat them.)
3) 지수 씨가 여간 고기를 잘 먹어야지요.
Jisoo should eat meat well.
4) 아들을 아무리 혼내도 도통 공부를 하려고 해야지요.
No matter how much you scold your son, you should ask them to study.
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Learning Korean can be tricky, especially when the goal of your learning is conversation. If you’ve ever attempted to speak Korean but were unable to, then hopefully you’ll find this post helpful.
Thank you for reading. If you have any questions or suggestions. Comment down below.