13 Conjecture in Korean grammar 

 January 11, 2022

By  Smriti

Today we’ll see some Korean grammar patterns which are used to form sentences to talk about an opinion or conclusion formed on the basis of incomplete information.

Conjecture means to form an opinion or supposition about something on the basis of incomplete information.

V ~(으)/ㄹ거예요

Used to express the speaker's supposition based on a personal experience or something seen or heard that provides a basis for the belief.

This pattern can be used to make future tense sentences. Also, when used for supposition it cannot be used in question form.

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V ~(으)ㄹ 까요

This grammar is used while asking for someone’s opinion, suggesting to do something together or, used for questions, thoughts or guesses.

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A ~아/어/여 보이다

This expression is used to indicate that one feels or guesses something by the appearance of something mentioned in the preceding statement.

It is used in the situation where someone is expressing their feeling on the outward appearance of a person, event or thing. The word 보이다 indicates that something looks/seems like (something). 

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V/A ~(으)ㄴ/는/(으)ㄹ 것 같다

It used to express predictions when something seems to be like in a way which might be occurring, may  have occurred or will occur in future.

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A/V-(으)ㄴ/는 모양이다

An expression used to guess that something is in progress or in a certain state, considering another fact or situation.

This grammar pattern is used to infer or guess a situation after observation. About things that you can see or hear.

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V/A ~(으)ㄴ/는/(으)ㄹ 줄 몰랐다/알았다

It is used by the speaker to indicate if he/she knows something or not. 

It is equivalent to saying " To know or to not know something "

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A/V ~ㄹ/을 리가 없다

An expression used to indicate that the speaker is certain that the content of the preceding statement has an explanation or could possibly be true.

It is used to indicate disbelief or doubt. It has the same meaning as "It's impossible to………" 

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A/V/N ~(으)ㄹ 걸요

An expression used to indicate that the content of the preceding statement is the speaker's opinion or guess. 

It is used as a sentence's final ending that reveals a fact about the future or a supposition of the speaker.

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A/V/N ~듯이

It is a connective ending used when the following statement is almost the same as the preceding statement.

It can also be understood as (second clause) like; as if; as though; as (first clause).

It is often used idiomatically and also when confirming the fact that is known by both the speakers.

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Usage of 겠

This grammar point means intention or something that the speaker plans to do or will do. It is used to indicate future actions or possibilities as well.

It is sometimes used to express the action that the speaker mentions in the sentence which will be the action the speaker intends to do.

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V~(으) ㄹ테니까

An expression used to indicate the speaker's intention to do the act mentioned in the preceding statement, as a condition for the following statement.

An expression used to indicate the speaker's strong guess as a condition for the following statement.

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(으)ㄹ 게 뻔하다

An expression used to express that the incident mentioned in the preceding statement almost occurred but ultimately did not occur. It can be used in the expressions used to exaggerate something that happened in the past. 

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A/V ~(으)ㄹ지도 모르다

This pattern is equivalent to “may; might; perhaps; maybe; possibly etc.”

This grammar pattern is used when there is a doubt and something isn’t known for sure.

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To understand TOPIK Test structure, application process, Levels and Passing scores etc. check these pages:

  1. TOPIK – The Complete Guide & 2. TOPIK Levels and Passing Marks. You can also Practice Online with TOPIK GUIDE Mock Tests.

If you are going to take the TOPIK Test for the first time, or if you want to give your score a boost so that you can pass a higher level, we would strongly advise you to get the Complete Guide to TOPIK – Self-Study Package. It is a digital study package that has everything you need to get a great score in the TOPIK test – all the past TOPIK papers with answer sheets, grammar and vocabulary study material, video tutorials explaining the test structure, strategies to solve them and much more. You can check out more details about this study package HERE.

Learning Korean can be tricky, especially when the goal of your learning is conversation. If you’ve ever attempted to speak Korean but were unable to, then hopefully you’ll find this post helpful.

Thank you for reading. If you have any questions or suggestions. Comment down below.

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