8 Korean grammar patterns for – Condition and supposition 

 December 15, 2021

By  Smriti

Today we’ll see grammar patterns which are used to form sentences to talk about Conditions and suppositions with sentences containing words like "If, when, even if, in that case, whenever etc."

Lets look at some grammar pattern below.

V ~(으)면

A connective ending used to assume an uncertain fact. It is used to assume a fact that is different from the reality, such as a desirable state, regretful situation, etc. Verb (으)면 has the meaning of once, if, when etc. in English.

1. 들어가면 안 된다.

He must not go in.

2. 점심 먹고 살짝 낮잠 자면 괜찮으려나?

Would it be okay to take a nap after lunch?

N/A/V ~아/어도

A connective ending used when assuming or recognizing the truth of the preceding statement, but implying that it is not related to or does not influence the following statement.

It is equivalent to saying 'But', 'yet', 'However', 'Though', 'Even if', 'No matter (something)' in English.

1. 밥이 있어도 저는 안 먹을 거에요.

Even though there is food / rice, I will not eat.

2. 냄새는 이상해도 맛있어요.

Even though the smell is weird, it's tasty.

V ~(으)ㄹ 수록

A connective ending used to imply that as the extent of the preceding statement becomes larger, that of the following statement also changes accordingly.

This grammar pattern can be used to express "The more you do (something) the more (something) happens.

1.The sooner you do it, the better it will be.

빠를수록 더 좋다

2. The more you have, the more you want.

가지면 가질수록 더 갖고 싶다

A/V ~(으)려면

A connective ending used to assume something that will happen in the future, that one has a purpose or intention of doing a certain act, or to assume a certain situation and then express a desire for the specific situation.

The equivalent meaning could be "If....." or " In order to (do something)"

1. How many stops do we have to get to Seoul Station?

서울역에 도착하려면 몇 정거장 남았어?

2. There are still 30 minutes left before the class is over.

수업이 끝나려면 아직도 삼십 분이나 남았다.

A/V ~아/어/여 놓다/두다

This auxiliary verb is combined with action verbs. It shows that the action of the verb has been completed and the resulting condition continues.

An expression used to indicate that a certain act mentioned in the preceding statement is completed and its result remains.

1. 내가 왜 이러나 싶을 때가 있어요.

There are times when I wonder why it is like this.

2. 창문 좀 열어 놓으세요.

Please leave the window open.

A/V/N ~거든

A connective ending used to convey the meaning, "If something is true or turns out to be true."

1. If your child is sick, take him to the hospital quickly.

아이가 아프거든 빨리 병원에 데리고 가세요.

2. If the test date is set, let's study together in the library until the test.

시험 날짜가 정해지거든 시험 때까지 같이 도서관에서 공부하자.

V ~다 보면

If one does something over a period of time and then (something) will happen/occur eventually.

1. 새로운 단어를 계속 외우다 보면 점점 헷갈려요.

If I keep memorizing new words, I gradually get confused.

2. 그 어려운 일을 계속해서하다 보면 나중에는 아주 쉽게 할 수 있어요.

If you continue to do that difficult work / job, you will be able to do it very easily later. 

V ~(으)ㄹ 라치면

It is a connective ending used when making the preceding statement into the premise of the following statement through a previous experience.

The equivalent meaning in English would be "whenever, when, if, every time".

  1. 요즘 바깥 청소를 할라 치면 꼭 비가 오 더라구요.

Lately, whenever I get ready to clean up outside, it rains.

  1. 비가 올라 치면 반드시 검은 구름이 끼어요.

Whenever it is about to rain, black clouds form.

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  1. TOPIK – The Complete Guide & 2. TOPIK Levels and Passing Marks. You can also Practice Online with TOPIK GUIDE Mock Tests.

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Learning Korean can be tricky, especially when the goal of your learning is conversation. If you’ve ever attempted to speak Korean but were unable to, then hopefully you’ll find this post helpful.

Thank you for reading. If you have any questions or suggestions. Comment down below.

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