Verb~(으)면 [ Korean Grammar ] 

 July 13, 2021

By  Smriti

Learning grammar is one of the most difficult things for Korean language learners. On this blog we will try to help you learn Korean grammar in the quickest and easiest way possible. This blog will be helpful for those who are studying Korean language and want to improve their grammar skills.

Today we’ll see how to form sentences with grammar pattern “ Verb + (으)면 “ with some example sentences.

Verb (으)면 has the meaning of once, if, when etc. in English and has to be used with verb like for example :

  • When spring comes – 봄 오면~
  • If it rains  – 비 오면~
  • Once I learn how to speak Korean – 한국어 말할수있면~
The rule to conjugate :

In case of verbs like 먹다, 가다 etc.

Remove 다 from the main verb and add (으)면 in the end of the verb stem.

1) If the verb stem after removing 다 from the main verb, ends with a consonant then 으면 has to added after the verb stem.

Eg : 먹다 – To eat

먹으면 – If I eat

2) If the verb stem after removing 다 from the main verb, ends with a vowel the 면 has to be added after the verb stem.

Eg: 가다 – To go

가면 – If I go

3) If the verb stem after removing 다 from the main verb, ends with ㄹ like in 열다 then simply 면 has to be added.

Eg: 열다 – To open

열면 – When it opens


Let’s see some examples :

1 ) 들어가면 안 된다.

He must not go in.

2 ) 점심 먹고 살짝 낮잠 자면 괜찮으려나?

Would it be okay to take a nap after lunch?

3 ) 그 문을 열면 더 작은 방으로 통한다.

The door opens into a smaller room.

4 ) 그녀의 음악을 들으면 난 항상 잠이 온다.

Her music always sends me to sleep.

5 ) 설탕을 너무 많이 먹으면 이가 썩는다.

Too much sugar will rot your teeth.

6 ) 그 애는 웃으면 예쁜 보조개가 생긴다.

She has lovely dimples when she smiles.

7 ) 책을 읽으면 항상 잠이 와.

Reading a book always puts me to sleep.

 

A connective ending used to assume an uncertain fact.

1. 좋은 사람 있으면 나에게 좀 소개해 줘.

If you have a good person, please introduce them to me.

2. 주말에 날씨가 좋으면 바다에 가자.

If the weather is nice on the weekend, let’s go to the sea.

3. 이제 한 골만 더 넣으면 우리 팀이 우승하게 된다.

Now, if we score one more goal, our team will win.

4. 숙제를 안 하면 선생님께 크게 혼날까?

If I don’t do my homework, will my teacher scold me?

 

A connective ending used when the preceding statement becomes the reason or condition of the following statement.

1.오후 네 시가 넘으면 모두 돌아가 주세요.

Please go back after 4 p.m.

2.네가 총무를 맡으면 내가 나머지를 맡을게.

If you take charge of the general affairs, I’ll take charge of the rest.

3.나도 원피스를 입으면 여성스러워 보일까?

Will I look feminine if I wear a dress?

4.시간이 나면 할머니 댁에 자주 들르거라.

If you have time, stop by your grandmother’s house often.

5.운동을 소홀히 하면 건강에 문제가 생길 수 있다.

Neglecting exercise can cause health problems.

6.나는 나이가 들면 지금 하고 있는 가게를 아들에게 물려줄 생각이다.

When I get older, I’m going to hand over the store I’m running now to my son.

 

A connective ending used to assume a fact that is different from the reality, such as a desirable state, regretful situation, etc.

1. 나도 남자 친구가 있으면 좋겠다.

I wish I had a boyfriend, too.

2.승규가 아빠만큼만 키가 컸으면 멋졌을 텐데.

It would have been cool if Seung-kyu was as tall as his dad.

3. 마무리만 잘했으면 더 좋은 점수를 받을 수 있었는데.

If I had finished well, I could have gotten a better score.

4. 봄이 빨리 오면 좋겠다.

I hope spring comes soon.

 

A connective ending used to indicate a habitual and repetitive condition.

1. 할머니는 서너 번쯤 여쭈면 겨우 대답을 해 주시곤 하셨다.

My grandmother would barely give me an answer when asked three or four times.

2. 남편은 내가 잠들어 있으면 깨우지 않으려고 살금살금 걸어다닌다.

My husband sneaks around so as not to wake me up when I’m asleep.

3. 동물을 좋아하는 승규는 동물만 보면 얼굴에 미소가 번진다.

Seung-gyu, who likes animals, smiles whenever he sees animals.

4. 고향을 생각하면 항상 별이 쏟아질 것 같은 밤하늘이 떠오른다.

When I think of my hometown, I always think of the night sky where stars are likely to fall.

5. 어머니는 내가 배가 아프면 항상 손으로 배를 쓸어 주시곤 했다.

My mother would always sweep my stomach with her hands when I had a stomach ache.

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  1. TOPIK – The Complete Guide & 2. TOPIK Levels and Passing Marks. You can also Practice Online with TOPIK GUIDE Mock Tests.

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Learning Korean can be tricky, especially when the goal of your learning is conversation. If you’ve ever attempted to speak Korean but were unable to, then hopefully you’ll find this post helpful.

Thank you for reading. If you have any questions or suggestions. Comment down below.

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