1000 Most Common Korean Words – Must-Know Korean Vocabulary 

 July 27, 2021

By  TOPIK GUIDE Team

This is the ultimate list of most common and frequently used Korean vocabulary. Whether you are a beginner, intermediate of advanced level learner of Korean language, you should learn these Korean words first. The list contains the most basic and useful Korean vocabulary from every category like Korean verbs, Korean Adjectives, Korean Adverbs and theme based Korean vocabulary like words related to school life, transportation, time, household stuff, days of the week, names of months and so on. These words are very important for the TOPIK test as well.

Korean Vocabulary Ultimate List TOPIK GUIDE

20 Most Common Korean Adjectives


Good
좋아요joayo
Bad나빠요nappayo
Big커요keoyo
Small작아요jagayo
Long길어요gireoyo
Short짧아요chalbayo
Expensive비싸요bissayo
Cheap싸요ssayo
Busy바빠요bappayo
Delicious맛있어요masisseoyo
Difficult어려워요eoryeowoyo
Easy쉬워요suiwoyo
Far멀어요meoreoyo
Near가까워요gakkawoyo
Clean깨끗해요kaekkeuthaeyo
Dirty더러워요deoreoeoyo
Beautiful예뻐요yeppeoyo
Kind친절해요chinjeorhaeyo
Quiet조용해요joyonghaeyo
Interesting재미있어요jaemiisseoyo

20 Most Common Korean Verbs

To Go가다gada
To Come오다oda
To Eat먹다meokda
To Drink마시다masida
To Wake up일어나다ireonada
To Sleep자다jada
To Work일하다ir-hada
To Talk이야기하다iyagi-hada
To Listen듣다deutta
To Speak말하다mar-hada
To Meet만나다mannada
To Sing노래하다norae-hada
To Dance춤추다chumchhuda
To See, Watch보다boda
To Like좋아하다joa-hada
To Love사랑하다sarang-hada
To Dislike싫어하다sireo-hada
To Read읽다ikda
To Write쓰다seuda
To Study공부하다gongbu-hada

Transportation Related Korean Vocabulary

Vehicle자동차jadongcha
Taxi택시taeksi
Bus 버스beoseu
Metro지하철 jihacheol
Train기차gicha
Airplane비행기bihaengi
Ride, Take타다tada
Change 갈아타다garatada
To Get off내리다naerida
Stop, Stand정류장jeongnyujang 
Stationyeok
Airport공항gonghang
Ticket표 pyo
Fare요금yogeum
Road,Streetgil
Traffic교통gyothong
Depart출발하다chulbal-hada
Arrive도착하다dochak-hada

Nature Related Korean Vocabulary

Rainbi
snownun
Fog안개angae
Lightning번개beongae
Rainbow무지개mujigae
Wind바람baram
Typhoon태풍taepung
Sunlight햇빛haeppit
Moonlight달빛dalbit

Days of the Week in Korean

Monday월요일Woryo-il
Tuesday화요일Hwayo-il
Wednesday수요일Suyo-il
Thursday목요일Mogyo-il
Friday금요일Gumyo-il
Saturday토요일Doyo-il
Sunday일요일Iryo-il

Names of Months in Korean

January일월ir-wol
February이월i-wol
March삼월sam-wol
April사월sa-wol
May오월o-wol
June유월yu-wol
July칠월chir-wol
August팔월par-wol
September구월gu-wol
October시월shi-wol
November십일월shib-irwol
December십이월shib-i-wol

Time Related Korean Vocabulary

Yesterday어제 eoje
Today오늘oneul
Tomorrow내일naeil
Day after tmrw모레more
Weekday평일pyeongil
Weekend주말jumal
Everyday매일maeil
Every week매주maeju
Every month매달maedal
Every year매년maenyeon
Now 지금jigeum
These days 요즘yojeum
Recently 최근에chwegeune
Always 항상hangsang
Often 자주jaju
Sometimes 가끔gakkeum
A while ago 아까akka
A little later 이따가ittaga
Later 나중에najunge
Last Week지난주Chinan-chu
This Week이번주ibeon-chu
Next Week다음주thaeum-chu
Last Month지난달Chinan -dal
This Month이번달ibeon-dal
Next Month다음달thaeum-dal
Last Year작년chang-nyeon
This Year올해orhae
Next Year내년nae-nyeon

Most Common Korean Sentence Connectors

그리고 Andgeurigo
그런데Butgeureonde
그래서Thereforegeuraeseo
그러면In that casegeureomyeon
그러니까That's whygeureonikka
그래도Even thengeuraedo
왜냐하면Becausewaenyahamyeon
아니면Or, Otherwiseanimyeon
예를 들어For Exampleyereul deureo

Body Parts in Korean Language

Abdomenbae
Ankle발목balmok
Armpal
Backdeung
Body신체/몸sinche/mom
Breast, Chest가슴gaseum
Buttocks엉덩이eongdeongi
Cheekppyam
Chinteog
Dimple보조개bojogae
Eargwi
Eyenun
Eyebrow눈썹nunsseop
Eyelid눈꺼풀nunkkeopul
Face얼굴eolgul
Finger손가락songarak
Fingernail손톱sontop
Fist주먹jumeok
Footbal
Forehead이마ima
Gum잇몸itmom
Hair머리카락meorikarag
Handson
Head머리meori
Index Finger검지geomji
Knee무릎mureup
Leg다리dari
Lips입술ipsul
Mouthip
Navel배꼽baekkop
Neckmok
Noseko
Palm (Hand )손바닥sonbadak
Shoulder어깨eokkae
Skin피부pibu
Thigh허벅지heobeokji
Thumb엄지eomji
Toe발가락balgarak
Toe nail발톱baltop
Tonguehyeo
Tooth이, 이빨I, ippal
Waist허리heori
Wrist손목sonmok

Most Common Korean Adverbs

구체적으로Specifically, Concretelyguche-jeogeuro
적극적으로Actively, Positivelyjokkkeuk-jeogeuro
실제적으로Practically, In Realitysilje-jeogeuro
개인적으로Personally, Individuallygaein-jeogeuro
공식적으로Formally, Officiallygongsik-jeogeuro
기본적으로Basically, Fundamentallygibon-jeogeuro
의도적으로Intentionallyuido-jeogeuro
심리적으로Psychologicallysimni-jeogeuro
천천히Slowly cheoncheonhi 
열심히 Diligently yeohshimhi
솔직히 Honestly soljikhi
우연히By Chanceuyeonhi
자세히In Detailjasehi
특별히Especiallydeukpyeorhi
확실히Certainlyhwakshirhi
간단히Simplygandanhi
정류장Carefullyjoshimhi

Medical or Hospital related Korean Vocabulary

Doctor의사uisa
Nurse간호사ganhosa
Injection주사jusa
Pharmacist약사yaksa
Medicineyak
CancerAam
Cough기침gichim
Flu독감dokgam
Vomiting구토guto
Paralysis마비mabi
Toothache치통chitong
Constipation변비byeonbi
Runny Nose콧물konmul
Feveryeol
Pregnancy임신imsin
Childbirth출산chulsan
Abortion낙태naktae
Operation수술susul
Hospitalization입원ibwon
Hospital Discharge퇴원toewon
Diabetes당뇨병dangnyo
High Blood Pressure고혈압gohyeorap
Low Blood Pressure저혈압jeohyeorap
Malnutrition영양실조yeongyangsiljo
Death사망samang
Sicknessbyeong
Prescription처방cheobang
Consultation Room진료실jillyosil
Emergency Room응급실eunggeupsil
Common Cold감기gamgi
To Have Pain아파요 apayo
Pain In Body PartBody part 아파요Body part apayo

We are regularly adding more useful words to this list.

TOPIK GUIDE Team


We are a team of passionate researchers from Seoul National University specializing in Korean language and linguistics. We are committed to helping international students prepare for the TOPIK test. You can connect with us on Facebook, Twitter, Google+ or YouTube

We are a team of passionate researchers from Seoul National University specializing in Korean language and linguistics. We are committed to helping international students prepare for the TOPIK test. You can connect with us on Facebook, Twitter, Google+ or YouTube

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