Ultimate list of Korean food names 

 July 12, 2021

By  Smriti

If you’re traveling to South Korea and are overwhelmed by the amount of food choices, you’re not alone. It can be a bit overwhelming to choose what to eat in South Korea because there is so much variety. Today, I want to point out a list of vocabulary related Korean foods that you can order from the menu, or have a waiter explain it to you.

Everybody loves tasty Korean food. But one problem that can plague novice learners of Korean is knowing what to order on the menu! Here’s a complete list of vocabulary related to ordering food.

Korea food table will always have a combination of rice, soup and side dishes. 

(밥 국 반찬) which is called 백반 (Barkban)

And when you find yourself surrounded with lot many side dishes including fishes and meat then it's called 한정식. 

Korean food names are a combination of ingredients and method of preparing like 

  • 불고기 Bulgogi Grill meat ( combination of 불 + 고기 , fire and meat ) 
  • 김치찌개 Kimchi stew ( combination of 김치 + 찌개, kimchi and stew )
  • 비빔밥 Bibimbap ( combination of 비빔 + 밥, to mix and rice )

Korean food can be divided into 

  • Meat dishes
  • Noodles
  • Soup/stew 
  • Stir fry

밥 Rice , 반찬 Side dishes which includes varieties of 김치 Kimchi. Some of them are : 

No.

Korean names

Meaning in English

1

배추김치

Nappa cabbage

2

배추겉절이

Un-fermented nappa cabbage

3

보쌈김치

Wrapped kimchi

4

백김치

White kimchi

5

동치미

Non spicy watery kimchi

6

나박김치

Mild spice watery kimchi

7

총각김치

Ponytail Radish kimchi

8

깍두기

Cubed radish kimchi

9

오이소박이

Cucumber kimchi

10

파김치

Green onion kimchi

11

열무김치

Yeolmu radish

12

갓김치

Indian mustard

13

양배추 김치

Cabbage leaves kimchi

Let's take a look at the other dishes :

No.

Korean names

Meaning in English

14

라면

Ramyeon

15

된장찌개

Soybean paste stew

16

감자 튀김

French fries

17

삼계탕

chicken Ginseng soup

18

찜닭

steamed Chicken dish

19

군고구마

Roasted sweet potato

20

군밤

Roasted chestnut

21

삼겹살

Samgyeopsal

22

돼지갈비

Pig rib

23

한우

Korean beef

24

갈비

Rib

25

잡채

Japchae

26

냉면

Cold noodle

27

물냉면

Watery cold noodle

28

비빔냉면

Dry cold noodle

29

누룽지

Scorched rice soup

30

닭갈비

Chicken rib

31

볶음밥

Remaining sauce and rice

32

막국수

Buckwheat noodle

33

찜닭

Steamed Chicken with soyabean sauce

34

양념치킨

Seasoned chicken

35

양꼬치

Skewers lamb meat

36

생선회

Sashimi

37

생선구이

Grilled fish

38

막국수 

Buckwheat noodle

39

물국수

Watery noodle

40

비빔국수

Dry cold noodle

41

짜장면

Jajangmyeon

42

짬뽕

Janpong

43

탕수육

Fried pork/beef

44

부먹

Pieces of meat with sauce

45

찍먹

Piece of meat that has to be dipped in sauce

46

칼국수

Knife cut noodles

47

잔치 국수

Banquet noodles

The name differs depending on the quantity of water in each of the dishes. So it can be called 탕 (Soup), 찌개 (Stew) or 전골 (Hot pot).

List of dishes prepared with Cow meat - 소고기 :

No.

Korean names

Meaning in English

48

갈비탕

Short rib stew

49

설렁탕

Beef bone soup

50

곱창전골

Beef tripe hot pot

51

육개장

Hot spicy meat stew

List of dishes prepared with pig meat - 돼지고기 :

No.

Korean names

Meaning in English

52

순대국

Korean sausage soup

53

감자탕

Pork back bone stew

54

부대찌개

Beef tripe hot pot

List of dishes prepared with chicken meat - 닭고기:

No.

Korean names

Meaning in English

55

삼계탕 

Chicken soup with ginseng

56

닭도리탕

Chicken stew

List of dishes prepared with fishes - 물고기:

No.

Korean names

Meaning in English

57

북어국 

Dried Pollack soup

58

추어탕

Loach soup

59

대구탕

Codfish soup

60

동태탕

Frozen Pollack soup

61

해물탕

Seafood stew

62

콩나물국

Bean sprout soup

63

된장찌개

Soybean paste soup

64

순두부찌개

Soft tofu stew

65

두부전골

Tofu hot pot

66

떡국

Sliced rice cake soup

67

만두국

Dumpling soup

68

만두전골

Dumpling hot pot

69

김치찌개

Kimchi stew

70

미역국

Seafood soup

71

떡볶이

Tteokbokki

72

오뎅

Rice cake soup

73

순대

Blood sausage

74

튀김

Fried food

75

김밥

Kimbap

76

호떡

Pancakes

77

붕어빵

Fish shaped buns

78

닭꼬치

Chicken skewers

I hope you have enjoyed the list of these unique and delicious Korean food name.

See also : 85+ Handy words and phrases to use at a Korean restaurant or cafe!!

80 Korean Travel words and Phrases to brush up on your language skills 

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