Complete TOPIK Grammar List – Beginner Level (한국어능력시험 초급 기출 문법 리스트) 

 July 14, 2012

By  Satish Satyarthi

I hope you already got a printout of Complete TOPIK Vocabulary List – Beginner Level (한국어능력시험 초급 어휘 리스트). Here I am presenting a list of TOPIK grammar patterns taken from the 2011 research paper by Angela Lee-Smith and Danielle Ooyoung Pyun – “An analysis of theTest of Proficiency in Korean (TOPIK) focusing on beginning-level vocabulary and grammar items”. This is a wonderful research paper and I think that the TOPIK Grammar  list that it presents is a must have for all TOPIK beginner level aspirants. Please note the list covers only Grammar-Vocabulary (어휘-문법) section of TOPIK and not all the four sections. 

This study investigated the structure and content of the beginning-level TOPIK by analyzing vocabulary and grammar items in previous TOPIK tests. A total of 17 TOPIK tests administered during 2003 to 2010 were collected for analysis. The analysis revealed that the beginning-level TOPIK follows a highly structured format and its vocabulary questions are presented within contextualized, meaningful sentences or discourse. The results also showed that the TOPIK involves approximately 700 vocabulary items and approximately 100 grammar items deemed necessary for beginner-level proficiency.

I have already posted the vocabulary list in the article – Complete TOPIK Vocabulary List – Beginner Level (한국어능력시험 초급 어휘 리스트). In this article I am presenting the TOPIK Grammar list. So below there is a comprehensive list of approx. 100 grammar patterns that you must learn in order to get a good score in TOPIK. I am just giving the Korean grammar patterns here and not their explanations. You will have to find them yourself. I will try to make another list with all the explanations very soon. But It would be great if after finding all the explanations someone of you could send the list to TOPIK GUIDE. I will post it as a new article (with your name and photograph if you want) and that can be really useful for people in future. I will remind you again that this list covers only Grammar-Vocabulary (어휘-문법) section of TOPIK and not all the four sections.

TYPE 1. //~

아/어/여 드리다 아/어/여야겠다
아/어/여 보다 아/어/여요
아/어/여 보이다 아/어/여지다
아/어/여 주다 았/었/였
아/어/여도 았/었/였겠다
아/어/여도 되다 았/었/였으면 좋겠다
아/어/여서1 이/가 아니다
아/어/여서2 이에요/예요
아/어/여야 되다/하다


TYPE 2. -()~

-(으)ㄴ 지 (시간) 되다 -(으)ㄴ 적이 있다
-(으)ㄴ/는/을 것 같다 -(으)ㄴ/는지 알다
-(으)ㄴ후에 -(으)ㄴ/는데
-(으)ㄹ 거예요 -(으)니까
-(으)ㄹ 수 없다/있다 -(으)ㄹ 때
-(으)ㄹ 줄 알았다 -(으)ㄹ 줄 알다/모르 다
-(으)ㄹ까 하다 -(으)ㄹ게요
-(으)ㄹ래요 -(으)ㄹ까요?
-(으)러 -(으)려고
-(으)려고 하는데요 -(으)려고 하다
-(으)려면 -(으)면
-(으)면 되다 -(으)면 안 되다
-(으)면 좋다 -(으)면서
-(으)ㅂ시다 -(으)세요
-(으)시- -(으)십시오


TYPE 3. 자음 시작~

(명사)+ 때문에 (명사)+ 말고
-거나 -게
-게 되다 -겠-
-고-고 싶다 -고 있다
-군요 -기 때문에
-기 쉽다 -기 위해서
-기도 하다 -네요
-기로 하다 -는/(으)ㄴ/(으) ㄹ (명사)
-는 중이다 습니다
-ㅂ/습니까? – 마세요
-지 맙시다 -지 말아요
-지 않다


TYPE 4. 조사

이/가, 에서,
까지, 와/과,
께, (으)로,
께서, 을/를,
은/는, 의,
도, (으)로,
만큼, (이)나,
밖에, (이)나2,
보다, 처럼,
부터, 하고,
에, 한테


TYPE 5.접사

들, -쯤,
– 씩, 동안(명사)


TYPE 6. 부정 부사



I hope this list help you with your TOPIK preparation. Feel Free to ask If you need help with any of these grammar patterns. All the Best from TOPIK GUIDE!

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  • Thank you very much indeed for such a great site. It’s so difficult to find strong data about TOPIK even in English. May I ask it is possible to make the same list of intermediate level soon?

  • Thank you very much for this site and such useful information!
    But how can I guess how to use these grammar patterns? I’m a beginner and don’t understand what to do with this list.
    Can anyone help me?) I will highly appreciate it!

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