Complete Guide to TOPIK - Self Study Package BX0121

The Only Guide You Need to Pass TOPIK Test

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Learning grammar is one of the most difficult things for Korean language learners. On this blog we will try to help you learn Korean grammar in the quickest and easiest way possible. This blog will be helpful for those who are studying Korean language and want to improve their grammar skills.

Today we’ll see how to form sentences with the grammar pattern “ Verb/Adj. + 아/어/해야 하다 and 되다 " with some example sentences. 

V/A + ‘아/어/해야 하다 and 되다’ has the meaning of “one has to…” or “one must…” . It's similar to ' should/ must or have to ' expressions in English.

  1. ‘-아/어/해야 하다’ is used with verbs and adjectives which expresses necessity. 
  2. ‘-아/어/해야 되다’ has the same meaning as ‘-아/어/해야 하다’. It is used more often in colloquial situations and has a weaker denotation in comparison to ‘-아/어/해야 하다’.

How to conjugate “ V/A + 아/어/해야 하다 and 되다" grammar pattern?

No.

Pattern

Case

Example

1

V/A + 아/어/해야 하다

Use ~아/어/야 하다 at the end of the verb/adj. stem

가 - 가야 해요.

2

V/A + 아/어/해야 되다

Use ~아/어야 되다 at the end of the verb/adj. stem

먹다 -  먹어야 돼요.

1)  Regarding the ‘V/A + 아/어/해야 하다’ conjugation information.

Remove ‘다’ from basic form of the verb/adj. and add '-아/어/야 해요' after the stem.

* In case the verb/adj. stem ends with ‘아’ or ‘오’, ‘-아야 해요’ has to be added. 

If it ends with vowels other than ‘아’ or ‘오’ or consonant, ‘-어야 해요’ has to be added.

If the same ends with ‘-하다’, then ‘-하다’ becomes ‘-해야 해요’. *

For example in verbs like 가다, after removing ‘다’ the stem ends with a vowel '아', then '-아야 해요' has to be added in the end.Ex :

  • 가다 -가야 해요
  • 먹다 - 먹어야 해요
  • 공부하다 - 공부해야 해요

2) Regarding the ‘-아/어야 돼요’ conjugation information.

Remove ‘다’ from basic form of the verb/adj. and add ‘-아/어야 돼요’  after the stem. 

* In case the verb/adj. stem ends with ‘아’ or ‘오’, ‘-아야 돼요’ has to be added. 

If it ends with vowels other than ‘아’ or ‘오’ or consonant, ‘-어야 돼요’ has to be added.

If the same ends with ‘-하다’, then ‘-하다’ becomes ‘-해야 돼요’. *

For example in verbs like 가다, after removing ‘다’ the stem ends with a vowel '아', then '-아야 돼요' has to be added in the end.Ex :

  • 가다 -가야 돼요
  • 먹다 - 먹어야 돼요
  • 공부하다 - 공부해야 돼요

EXAMPLE SENTENCES


  1. 오늘은 여자친구 생일이라서 빨리 집에 가야 해요. (I have to go home quickly because it's my girlfriend's birthday today.)
  2. 감기에 걸리지 않기 위해서 따뜻한 옷을 입어야 해요. (You should wear warm clothes to avoid catching a cold.)
  3. 다음 주부터 시험이 있습니다요. 각오해야 해요. (I have exams starting next week. I have to be prepared.)
  4. 빨리 가야 돼요. (We should go quickly.)
  5. 이 옷은 정말 예뻐요. 이거 사셔야 돼요. (This dress is really pretty. You have to buy this.)
  6. 시력이 안 좋아서 안경을 써야 돼요. (My eyesight is not good so I have to wear glasses.)

Learning Korean can be tricky, especially when the goal of your learning is conversation. If you’ve ever attempted to speak Korean but were unable to, then hopefully you’ll find this post helpful.

Thank you for reading. If you have any questions or suggestions. Comment down below. 

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