Ultimate List of Korean Honorific (Formal) Words 

 September 22, 2021

By  Smriti

Using the correct grammar and vocabulary is one of the most difficult and challenging things for Korean language learners. On TOPIK GUIDE blog we try to help you learn Korean grammar and vocabulary in the quickest and easiest way possible.

This blog will be helpful for those who are studying Korean language and want to improve their grammar and vocabulary skills.

Today we're looking at the words which are used differently in honorific and casual/non-honorific speeches.

As you must have noticed while talking to the older people or one's higher in rank than you. There's a different set of vocabulary used while talking about certain things.

This might seem confusing at first for the beginner level learners but after a few practice you'll be able to understand the usage and will be able to use it without any hesitation. 

Fortunately there aren't many words to remember so without any delay let's look at the words which are used differently in honorific and informal non-honorific speeches.

*Important: You should never use honorific words for yourself. 

Word

Casual, Non-honorific

Honorific

To exist

있다

계시다

To Sleep

자다

주무시다

To Eat

먹다

드시다

To Give

주다

드리다 

To Drink

마시다

드시다

To be sick

아프다

편찮으시다

To Speak

말하다

말씀하다

To Ask

묻다

여쭈다

To Die

죽다

돌아가시다

To Meet

만나다

뵙다

Name

이름

성함

Age

나이

연세

Meal

진지

House, Home

Birthday

생일

생신

Father

아빠

아버님

Mother

엄마

어머님

Son

아들

아드님

Daughter

따님


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  1. TOPIK – The Complete Guide & 2. TOPIK Levels and Passing Marks. You can also Practice Online with TOPIK GUIDE Mock Tests.

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Learning Korean can be tricky, especially when the goal of your learning is conversation. If you’ve ever attempted to speak Korean but were unable to, then hopefully you’ll find this post helpful.

Thank you for reading. If you have any questions or suggestions. Comment down below.

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