Complete Guide to TOPIK - Self Study Package BX0121

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Today we'll be looking at the usage of " A/V/N ~ (으)ㄴ/는/(으)ㄹ 셈이다 " Korean grammar point with some examples.

Usage:
  1. ~ㄴ/은 /는 셈이다 used as an expression for saying something is more or less similar to another (like/kind of). 
  2. ~ㄹ /을 셈이다 indicates an intention or a plan. When someone plans to or intends to do something.
A/V/N ~ (으)ㄴ/는/(으)ㄹ 셈이다
The basic conjugation rules are :

A/V ~ㄴ/은 /는 셈이다 used an an expression for saying something is more or less similar to another. 

Present tense :

Adjectives : (으)ㄴ 셈이다

  • Attach ㄴ 셈이다 after adj. stem ending with vowel.
  • Attach 은 셈이다 after adj. stem ending with consonant.

조용하다 - 조용한 셈이다

쓰다 - 쓴 셈이다

EXAMPLES:

  • 오늘 미나는 조용한 셈이다. (Today Mina is like/kind of quiet.)
  • 이 시계가 비싸지 않은 셈이다. (This watch is like/kind of inexpensive.)
  • 이 옷은 싼 셈이다. (This clothes are like cheap.)
  •  구두가 비싸지만 품질과 서비스를 생각하면 비싸지 않은 셈이에요.
    (These shoes are expensive but, If we consider the quality and service, then they are not expensive.)

Present tense:

Verbs : 는 셈이다

You can simply add ~는 셈이다 after verb stem irrespective of whether the stem ends with a consonant or vowel.

오다 - 오는 셈이다

하다 - 하는 셈이다

마시다 - 마시는 셈이다

EXAMPLES:

  • 비가 오는 셈이다. (It's like/similar to raining.)
  • 연습 보다 공부하는 셈이다. (It's more like studying than revising.)
  • 학생은 90%가 집에 가니까 거의다 가는 셈이에요.
    ( 90% of students go home, so you could say almost all of them go.)
  • 저는 여행을 일 년에 한 번 정도 가니까 거의 안 가는 셈이네요. 
    (I travel about once a year only, so it's more or less similar as not going.)

Past tense :

Verb : (으)ㄴ 셈이다

  • Attach ㄴ 셈이다 after verb stem ending with vowel.
  • Attach 은 셈이다 after verb stem ending with consonant.


만들다 - 만든 셈이다
오다 - 온 셈이다
하다 - 한 셈이다
마시다 - 마신 셈이다
먹다- 먹은 셈이다

EXAMPLES:

  • 이 옷을 세일해서 5만 원에 샀어요 거의 공짜로 산 셈이네요.
    (I bought this clothes during sale, they were sold at 50k won. It is practically sold as free.)
  • 아까 그 케이크를 여기에 뒀는데, 벌써 먹은 셈이네요.
    (I put that cake here earlier, it seems he ate that already.)

Noun : 인 셈이다

You can simply add ~인 셈이다 after nouns irrespective of whether they end with a consonant or vowel. 

학생 - 학생인 셈이다

고향 - 고향인 셈이다

EXAMPLES:

  • 그의 학교 드레스를 보니까 학생인 셈이다.
    (Looking at his school dress, it looks like he is a student.)
  • 서울에서 20년 이상 살았으니까 서울이 고향인 셈이에요.
    ( I live in Seoul for almost 20yrs. So, it’s practically (more or less similar as) my hometown.)

Noun : 였던 셈이다

공략 - 공략이었던 셈이다

집 - 집이었던 셈이다

EXAMPLE:

  • 어제 그의 학교 드레스를 보니까 학생이었던 셈이다.
    (Yesterday looking at his school dress, it looks like he was a student.)

A/V ~ㄹ /을 셈이다 indicates an intention or a plan. When someone plans to or intends to. 

A/V : ㄹ/을 셈이다

  • Attach ㄹ after the stem ending with vowel.
  • Attach 을 after stem ending with consonant.

조용하다 - 조용할 셈이다

쓰다 - 쓸 셈이다

먹다 - 먹을 셈이다

가다 - 갈 셈이다

EXAMPLES:

  • 유학을 갈 셈이었어요.
    I intended to study abroad.
  • 오늘 일찍 잠을 잘 셈이에요.
    I plan to sleep early today.

To understand TOPIK Test structure, application process, Levels and Passing scores etc. check these pages:

  1. TOPIK – The Complete Guide & 2. TOPIK Levels and Passing Marks. You can also Practice Online with TOPIK GUIDE Mock Tests.

If you are going to take the TOPIK Test for the first time, or if you want to give your score a boost so that you can pass a higher level, we would strongly advise you to get the Complete Guide to TOPIK – Self-Study Package. It is a digital study package that has everything you need to get a great score in the TOPIK test – all the past TOPIK papers with answer sheets, grammar and vocabulary study material, video tutorials explaining the test structure, strategies to solve them and much more. You can check out more details about this study package HERE.

Learning Korean can be tricky, especially when the goal of your learning is conversation. If you’ve ever attempted to speak Korean but were unable to, then hopefully you’ll find this post helpful.

Thank you for reading. If you have any questions or suggestions. Comment down below.

Edited and Improved by: Uruba Kashish

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