Today we'll be looking at the usage of " A/V ~다가는 " Korean grammar point with some example sentences.
There are two ways to use this grammar pattern.
- It can be used as a connective ending for when an action or state is stopped and changed to another action or state.
- It can also be used as a connective ending for implying the negative situation or unexpected result that will happen if a preceding action or state continues.
The first clause often contains 이렇게, 그렇게, 저렇게.
It can be attached with both the verbs and adjectives.
The basic conjugation rules are :
V/A ~다가는 :
You can simply add ~다가는 after verb stem irrespective of whether the stem ends with a consonant or vowel.
Likewise with Adjectives as well, you can add ~다가는 after the adjective stem irrespective if whether the stem ends with a consonant or vowel.
Let's look at the first way of using this grammar :
A connective ending used when an action or state, etc., is stopped and changed to another action or state.
1) Namjoon suddenly left while reading a book a while ago.
남준는 조금 전까지 책을 읽다가는 갑자기 나갔다.
2) Min-joon hesitated while looking at Ji-soo, and asked him to borrow money.
민준이는 지수를 보며 망설이다가는 돈을 빌려 달라는 말을 꺼냈다.
3) My mother stopped by the market for a while, came back home, and had dinner.
어머니는 시장에 잠깐 들렀다가는 집으로 돌아와서 저녁을 했다.
4) The bonfire lit on the beach burned down and soon went out.
바닷가에 피워 놓은 모닥불은 활활 타오르다가는 이내 꺼졌다.
Let's look at the second way of using this grammar :
A connective ending used to imply that a negative situation or unexpected result will happen if a preceding action or state continues.
1) If the sun shines like this, you will be susceptible to sunstroke.
햇볕이 이렇게 내리쬐다가는 일사병에 걸리기 십상이겠어.
2) If I work at the current pace, I won't be able to finish it even if I stay up all night.
지금의 속도로 일을 하다가는 오늘 밤을 새도 다 못 끝내겠어.
3) If you keep delaying what you have to do, you will get out of control later.
자꾸 할 일을 미루다가는 나중에 걷잡을 수 없이 많아질 거야.
4) If you drink in such a hurry, you will get drunk quickly.
술을 그렇게 급하게 마시다가는 금방 취해 버린다.
5) There may be a big accident if you ride a bicycle and speed like that down the road downhill.
자전거를 타고 내리막길에서 저렇게 속력을 내다가는 큰 사고가 날지도 몰라.
Some example sentences :
1) We drank tea while eating.
우리는 밥을 먹다가 차를 마셨다.
2) Yoo Min went on a trip and came back.
유민이가 여행을 갔다가 돌아왔다.
3) I was lost in thought while writing a diary.
나는 일기를 쓰다가 생각에 잠겼다.
4) It's easy to become a fool if you don't play around and just study.
놀지 않고 공부만 하다가는 바보 되기 쉽다
5) You'll be in trouble if you make a mistake.
6) A single false step would be fatal.
한 발만 헛딛었다가는 끝장이다
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- TOPIK – The Complete Guide & 2. TOPIK Levels and Passing Marks. You can also Practice Online with TOPIK GUIDE Mock Tests.
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Learning Korean can be tricky, especially when the goal of your learning is conversation. If you’ve ever attempted to speak Korean but were unable to, then hopefully you’ll find this post helpful.
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