이/가 아니라 ~는 게 아니라 [ Korean Grammar ] 

 August 29, 2021

By  Smriti

Learning grammar is one of the most difficult things for Korean language learners. On this blog we will try to help you learn Korean grammar in the quickest and easiest way possible. This blog will be helpful for those who are studying Korean language and want to improve their grammar skills.


Today we’ll see how to form sentences with Korean grammar pattern " N/A/V ~이/가 아니라 ~는 게 아니라 " with some example sentences.

N/A/V ~이/가 아니라 ~는 게 아니라 [ Korean Grammar ]

Like several other grammar patterns, this one is also easy for the basic learners of the Korean language. 

아니라 simply means to ' not be something '

It is equivalent to saying " It's not B, but A. "

For example :

It's Jimin not Minseo. 

민서가 아니라 지민이에요.

( It's not Minseo but Jimin. )


아니라 is to be used with the Nouns, Adjectives and verbs, but the way to conjugate them is slightly different. 

  • ~이/가 아니라 has to be used with Nouns.
  • ~는 게 아니라 has to be used with adjectives and verbs.

Let's try to understand these two different grammar patterns with some examples.

  1. ~이/가 아니라 : When used with the nouns

When you want to make sentences using Nouns. Like for example:

I am going to the post office, not the hospital. 

병원이 아니라 우체국에 가고 있어요.

The former noun which is the subject of the sentence is defined by using 이  or 가.

  • When the noun ends with a consonant then 이 has to used. 
  • When the noun ends with a vowel then 가 has to be used. 

 

1) 제가 영국이 아니라 인도에서 왔어요.

I'm not from England, but from India.


2) 제가 그랬던 거 아니라 민수 씨 그랬어요. 

It wasn't me, but Minsu.


3) 강아지 세 마리가 아니라 두 마리 키우고 있어. 

I'm raising two puppies, not three.


4) 사탕가 아니라 초콜릿 더 좋아해요. 

I don't like candies, but chocolate.


  1. ~는 게 아니라 : When used with the Adjectives and verbs

When you want to make sentences using adjectives or verbs. Like for example :

1) 제가 한국 음식을 싫어하는게 아니라 매운맛 별로예요.

It's not that I don't like Korean food, it's that I don't like spicy food. 

2) 심심 하는게 아니라 좀 피곤해요.

I'm not bored, I'm a little tired.

~는게 아니라 is attached after the former adjectives or verbs irrespective of whether the stem verb ends with a consonant or vowel.


1) 한국에서 태어나는게 아니라 중국에서 태어났어. 

I wasn't born in Korea, I was born in China.


2) 음식은 사진 찍는게 아니라 먹는 것이다. 

Food has to be eaten, not photographed.


3) 매운 음식만 먹는게 아니라 가끔씩 달콤한 것도 먹어요. 

I don't always eat spicy food, but sometimes I eat sweet things.

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  1. TOPIK – The Complete Guide & 2. TOPIK Levels and Passing Marks. You can also Practice Online with TOPIK GUIDE Mock Tests.

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Learning Korean can be tricky, especially when the goal of your learning is conversation. If you’ve ever attempted to speak Korean but were unable to, then hopefully you’ll find this post helpful.

Thank you for reading. If you have any questions or suggestions. Comment down below.

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