Learning grammar is one of the most difficult things for Korean language learners. On this blog we will try to help you learn Korean grammar in the quickest and easiest way possible. This blog will be helpful for those who are studying Korean language and want to improve their grammar skills.
Today we’ll see how to form sentences with Korean grammar pattern “ Verb + (으)ㄴ 후에 and Noun + 후에 “ with some example sentences.
Before this we learnt about " Verb + 기 전에 and Noun + 전에 " Korean grammar pattern.
" Verb + (으)ㄴ 후에 " is used when the speaker wants to express something ' after a certain time or action. '
Same is the case with nouns as well but instead of adding (으)ㄴ after 후에 we simply use 후에 after the nouns.
Let's try to understand this with some example sentences :
- 난 저녁 먹은 후에 숙제할 거야.
I’ll do my homework after supper.
- 손님들이 간 후에 나는 침대보를 다 벗겨 내었다.
After the guests had gone, I stripped all the beds.
- 우리는 사업 시작 후 재정적인 문제에 맞닥뜨렸다
We ran into financial problems after starting our business.
In the above three examples you can clearly see the usage of (으)ㄴ 후에 with verbs and 후에 with Noun.
The rule to conjugate Verb + 기 전에 :
In the case 1 : Verb stem ending with a consonant.
When the verb stem after removing 다 ends with a consonant then ~은 후에 is added after the verb stem.
- 먹다 - 먹은 후에
- 듣다 - 들은 후에
In the case 2 : Verb stem ending with a vowel.
When the verb stem after removing 다 ends with a vowel then ~ㄴ후에 is added after the verb stem.
- 가다 - 간 후에
- 자다 - 잔 후에
In the case 3 : Verb stem ending with 하
When the verb stem after removing 다 ends with 하 then ~ㄴ후에 is added after the verb stem.
- 공부하다 - 공부한 후에
- 운동하다 - 운동한 후에
In the case 4 : Nouns + 후에
In the case of nouns you simply have to add ~후에 after the nouns.
- 시작 후에
- 한 달 후에
Example sentences with Verb + (으)ㄴ 후에 :
1. 그는 저녁을 먹은 후에 잠이 드는 버릇이 있었다.
He had a habit of falling asleep after dinner.
2. 내 말을 끝까지 다 들은 후에 무슨 말이든 해.
Hear me out before you say anything.
3. 일단은 제가 군대 가기 전과 군대 간 후에 습관이 하나 바꼈어요.
First of all, my habits changed one thing before and after I joined the military.
4. 생각하는게 산 후에 못 입는 거 아직 있어요.
I think there are still things I can't wear after buying.
5. 우리가 이 집을 산 후에 집값이 많이 떨어지고 있습니다.
Since we bought this house, house prices have come down a lot.
6. 생물학을 공부한 후에 언어학으로 전공을 바꾼 이유가 있으세요?
Why did you change your major to linguistics after studying biology?
7. 내가 운동 후에 좋아진 것을 보여줄게, 이게 전후 비교 사진이야.
I'll show you how I feel after working out, here's a before and after picture.
Example sentences with Noun + 후에 :
9. 이 아름다운 하루의 시작 후에, 어린이들은 보통 아빠와 하루를 보냅니다.
After this beautiful start of the day, children usually spend the day with their dads.
10. 또 다른 아파트는 한 달 후에 빕니다.
Another apartment will be vacated in a month.
11. 나는 2년 후에 은퇴할 생각이다
I'm contemplating retirement in two years.
12. 주인은 2년 후에 계약을 중단하였다.
The owner terminated the contract after two years.
13. 수업이 2분 후에 시작돼!
Class starts in 2 minutes!
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- TOPIK – The Complete Guide & 2. TOPIK Levels and Passing Marks. You can also Practice Online with TOPIK GUIDE Mock Tests.
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Learning Korean can be tricky, especially when the goal of your learning is conversation. If you’ve ever attempted to speak Korean but were unable to, then hopefully you’ll find this post helpful.
Thank you for reading. If you have any questions or suggestions. Comment down below.