Verb + 기 전에 and Noun + 전에 [ Korean Grammar ] 

 July 22, 2021

By  Smriti

Learning grammar is one of the most difficult things for Korean language learners. On this blog we will try to help you learn Korean grammar in the quickest and easiest way possible. This blog will be helpful for those who are studying Korean language and want to improve their grammar skills.

Today we’ll see how to form sentences with Korean grammar pattern “ Verb + 기 전에 and  Noun + 전에 “ with some example sentences.

" Verb + 기 전에 " is used when the speaker wants to express something 'before a certain time or action.'

Same is the case with Nouns as well but instead of adding 기 전에 we simply use 전에 after the nouns.

Let's try to understand this with some example sentences :

  • 과일은 먹기 전에 철저히 씻어라.

Wash thoroughly before eating fruit.

  • 가기 전에 급히 샌드위치 하나 먹자.

Let’s grab a sandwich before we go.

  • 나는 시간 전에 그곳에 와 있어서 놀랬다.

I was surprised that he was there before time.

In the above three examples you can clearly see the usage of 기 전에 with verbs and 전에 with Noun.

 

The rule to conjugate Verb + 기 전에 :

In the case 1 : Verb

After removing 다 from the main verb, irrespective of whether the verb stem ends with a consonant or verb. Add ~기 전에. 

Eg :

  • 먹다 - 먹기 전에
  • 닦다 - 닦기 전에

In case 2 : 하다 Verb

After removing 다 from the main verb if the verb stem ends with 하. Add ~기 전에 after the remaining  verb stem.

Eg :

  • 공부하다 - 공부하기 전에 
  • 운동하다 - 운동하기 전에

In case 3 : Noun

In case of the nouns you simply have to add 전에 after the noun. 

Eg :

  • 한 달 - 한 달 전에
  • 방문 - 전에


Example sentences with Verb + 기 전에 :

1. 저녁 먹기 전에 잠깐 가서 좀 씻고 올게요.

I’ll just go and freshen up before supper.

2. 아이들에게 저녁 먹기 전에 초콜릿을 너무 많이 먹이지 말아요.

Don’t stuff the kids with chocolate before their dinner.

3. 밥 먹기 전에 뭐 했어?

What did you do before having food ?

4. 가기 전에 데이터를 재확인해 주시겠어요?

Can you recheck the data before you go?

5. 잠자러 가기 전에 물을 많이 마시고나서 일어나면 기분이 나아질 것입니다.

Taking in lots of water before you go to sleep will help you wake up feeling better.

6. 공부하기 전에, 그는 방을 깔끔히 치우기로 결정했습니다.

Before studying, he decided to tidy it up.

7. 공부하기 전에 휴식 하는게 좋다고 합니다.

It is recommended to take a break before studying.

8. 운동 하기 전에 몸을 스트레칭으로 풀어주고요.

Stretch your body before exercising.


Example sentences with Noun + 전에 :

1. 퇴사하기 한 달 전에 미리 통지를 해야 한다.

You must give one month's notice before leaving the company.

2. 우린 2시간 전에 공항에 도착해야 해.

We have to get to the airport two hours before.

3. 1시간 전에 모두 챙겼다고.

I was all packed an hour ago.

4. 아니오, 1시간 전에 집에 갔어요.

No, he went home an hour ago.

5. 정제 두 알을 식사 전에 물과 함께 복용하라.

Take two tablets with water before meals.

6. 그 나라는 10년 전에 독립을 했다.

The country gained independence 10 years ago.

7. 보아는 10년 전에 한국에서 데뷔했다.

BoA debuted in Korea 10 years ago.


Related Korean grammar posts :

Verb + (으)면서

Verb + 았/었으면 좋겠다

Verb + (으)면

Noun + 동안 and Verb + ~는 동안

Verb + (으)려고 + Verb


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  1. TOPIK – The Complete Guide & 2. TOPIK Levels and Passing Marks. You can also Practice Online with TOPIK GUIDE Mock Tests.

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Learning Korean can be tricky, especially when the goal of your learning is conversation. If you’ve ever attempted to speak Korean but were unable to, then hopefully you’ll find this post helpful.

Thank you for reading. If you have any questions or suggestions. Comment down below.

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