Learning grammar is one of the most difficult things for Korean language learners. On this blog we will try to help you learn Korean grammar in the quickest and easiest way possible. This blog will be helpful for those who are studying Korean language and want to improve their grammar skills.
Today we’ll see how to form sentences with the grammar pattern “ Verb/Adj. + 아/어/해도 되다 and ‘(으)면 되다 " with some example sentences.
Verb/Adj. + 아/어/해도 되다
되다 as you already know means "no problem with something”. Replacing "야" with ~도 after 어/어/해 to the stem of a clause to create the meaning of 아/어/해도 되다, “regardless of…” For example:
- 가다 - 가+아도 되다 - 가도 돼요.
- 먹다 - 먹+어도 되다 - 먹어도 돼요.
되다 (in the usage described in this lesson) is commonly used after ~아/어/해 도 to indicate that there is no problem with the action being done. For example:
- 일찍 가도 돼요 = Even if you leave early, there is no problem.
- 이거 너무 싸네요. 사도 돼요. - This is so cheap. It's okay if you buy it.
The same expression can be used to ask questions. These types of questions typically translate to “May…?” or “Is it alright if…” For example :
- 일찍 가도 돼요 ? - Is it okay to leave early ? OR,
- 이거 너무 비싸네요. 사도 돼요 ? - This is so expensive. Is it okay to buy it ?
The final clause of all of these example sentences has been in the present tense. You can conjugate '되다' indicating that there would have been no problem if any action have been done in the past or future tenses. For example:
- 그때 사도 되었어요 = It would have been okay if you bought at that time.
- 그때 사도 될 거예요 = It will be okay if you leave at that time.
- 문을 열어도 되었어요 = It would have been okay if you opened the door.
- 문을 열어도 될 거예요 = It will be okay if you open the door.
'아/어/해도 되다' is used for giving permission opposite of which we use '안 ~아/어/해도 되다' to prohibit doing something.
This typically translates to “it is okay if one does not” or “one doesn’t have to.” For example:
- 빨리 안 먹어도 돼요 = Even if you don’t eat quickly, there is no problem.
Verb/Adj. + (으)면 되다
(으)면 되다 is the combination of ‘(으)면’ and ‘되다’. a attaches after an adjective/verb stem.
When an adjective/verb stem has the final consonant, you can use ‘으면 되다.’
When there's no final consonant then final ending then '면 되다' has to be used.
For example :
- Verb ‘먹다 remove ‘다’. Then there is the final consonant. Then you can add ‘으면 되다.’ So it becomes ‘먹으면 되다’
- For the adjective ‘좋다 ’ (to be good).’ Remove 다 and it becomes 좋으면 되다.
In case the verb stem ends with 'ㄹ' then add '면 되다' to the verb stem.
Let’s look at the adjective ‘길다 (to be long)’. Remove ‘다’. Then the final consonant is ‘ㄹ’ before ‘다’. You can use ‘면 되다.’ So it becomes ‘길면 되다.’
V/A + (으)면 되다
If the verb stem ends with a final consonant use ~(으)면 되다at the end of the verb/adj. stem
먹다 - 먹으면 되다
V/A + 면 되다
If the verb stem does not end with a final consonant use ~면 되다 at the end of the verb/adj. stem
가다 - 가면 되다
Difference between 아/어/해도 되다 & (으)면 되다
Now let’s compare ‘도 되다’ with ‘으면 되다.’ The former expresses " It's okay regardless of what you do. " And the latter simply means " It's okay if you do something in a given circumstance. " Both do not emphasize obligation or necessity.
There's a slight difference. Which you'll get after listening to the conversation and slowly figuring out the small differences in nuances.
Let’s look at some examples.
- 내일 집에 6시까지 와도 돼요. - It's okay even if you come home tomorrow by 6 o'clock.
- 내일 집에 6시까지 오면 돼요. - It's okay if you come home tomorrow by 6 o'clock.
Today we learnt about 아/어/해도 되다 and 아/어/하 (으)면 되다
Learning Korean can be tricky, especially when the goal of your learning is conversation. If you’ve ever attempted to speak Korean but were unable to, then hopefully you’ll find this post helpful.
Thank you for reading. If you have any questions or suggestions. Comment down below.