Complete Guide to TOPIK - Self Study Package BX0121

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Learning grammar is one of the most difficult things for Korean language learners. On this blog we will try to help you learn Korean grammar in the quickest and easiest way possible. This blog will be helpful for those who are studying Korean language and want to improve their grammar skills.

Today we’ll see how to form sentences with Korean grammar pattern " V ~ㄴ/는다고, A ~다고  하다 " with some example sentences.

V~ㄴ/는다고, A~다고 하다 [ Korean Grammar ]

It is used by speakers to quote the sentences said by the first person in the reported speech or indirect form.

It is equivalent to saying " said that " in English.

  • 식당에 간다고 했어.

She said she was going to a restaurant.

  •  방송을 하면서 잔치국수를 먹는다고 했어요.

You said you were eating Janchi-guksu while broadcasting.

It can also be used to make a statement. 

ㄱ : 어제밤 언제 왔냐 ? 

ㄴ : 늦게 도착했어…

ㄱ : 뭐..?

ㄴ : 늦게 도착했다고 말했잖아…

A : When did you came last night ?

B : I arrived late…

A : What..?

B : I said that I arrived late…

This grammar pattern can be used in two ways :

  1. Verb ~ㄴ/는다고
  2. Adjective ~다고

Rule to conjugate :

  1. Verb ~ㄴ/는다고 하다

After removing 다 from the root verb add ~는다고 if the verb stem ends with consonant and add ~ㄴ다고 if the verb stem ends with vowel.

하다 changes to 했다 in the past tense.

Examples :

1) 늦게 도착한다고 말했어.

He said that he arrived late.

2) 그들도 아이스크림을 먹는다고 해요!

They say they eat ice cream too!

3) 지금 집에 간다고 해요.

Tell him you're going now.

4) 고객들은, 이 달콤하고 소금기 있는 혼합물을 좋아한다고 말했다.

Customers said they like this sweet and salt mixture.

5) 친구가 저녁을 먹겠느냐던데 배가 아파서 못 먹는다고 했어요.

A friend asked if I've eaten. I said I couldn't eat because of a stomach ache.

  1. Adjective ~다고 하다 

After removing 다 from the root word add ~다고 after the stem word irrespective of whether the word ends with consonant or vowel.

하다 changes to 했다 in past tense.

Examples :

1) 사람들은 그가 지도자로서의 자질이 부족하다고 비판했다.

People criticized him for his lack of leadership qualities.

2) 그들은 또한 그 기업들에게 사회적 책임감이 부족하다고 말했다.

They also said the companies lacked social responsibility.

3) 행복하다고 하네요.

They said they're very happy.

4) 친구가 몸이 이제 괜찮은 길래 주말에 푹 쉬어서 괜찮다고 했어.

My friend said he was fine because he had a good rest on the weekend.

5) 애들 괜찮다고 했어?

Did they say it's okay?

Related Korean grammar posts :
A/V/N ~을/ㄹ지 모르겠다

A/V + 기는 하지만


(으)ㄴ/는/인 데다가

Verb + 기 전에 and Noun + 전에

To understand TOPIK Test structure, application process, Levels and Passing scores etc. check these pages:

  1. TOPIK – The Complete Guide & 2. TOPIK Levels and Passing Marks. You can also Practice Online with TOPIK GUIDE Mock Tests.

If you are going to take the TOPIK Test for the first time, or if you want to give your score a boost so that you can pass a higher level, we would strongly advise you to get the Complete Guide to TOPIK – Self-Study Package. It is a digital study package that has everything you need to get a great score in the TOPIK test – all the past TOPIK papers with answer sheets, grammar and vocabulary study material, video tutorials explaining the test structure, strategies to solve them and much more. You can check out more details about this study package HERE.

Learning Korean can be tricky, especially when the goal of your learning is conversation. If you’ve ever attempted to speak Korean but were unable to, then hopefully you’ll find this post helpful.

Thank you for reading. If you have any questions or suggestions. Comment down below.

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