Complete Guide to TOPIK - Self Study Package BX0121

The Only Guide You Need to Pass TOPIK Test

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This blog will be helpful for those who are studying Korean language and want to improve their vocabulary skills.

Today we're looking at words related to the different time and duration of the year, month and days how to write it in Korean.

The word used to tell time is 시 or 시간. The difference between the two is that 시 is used specifically for telling time whereas 시간 is for an amount of time. 

Some useful phrases to remember : 

1) What time is it now?

지금 몇 시예요?


2) It's 5 pm now.

지금은 오후 5시예요.

 

3) What time should we meet?

우리 몇 시에 만날까요?

 

4) How about meeting at 5 o'clock?

5시에 만나면 어때요?


Sino-Korean numbers are used to denote the number of days. The counter for days is 일

  • 일일 - 1 Day (Ir-il)

  • 이일 - 2 day (I-il)

  • 삼일 - 3 day (Sam-il)

  • 사일 - 4 day (Sa-il)

Some useful vocabulary related to days :

A couple days ago

엊그제

Day before yesterday

그저께

Yesterday

어제

Today

오늘

Tomorrow

내일

The day after tomorrow

모레 / 내일 모레

All day long

하루 종일

Everyday

매일 / 날마다

A few days

며칠

We use Sino-Korean numbers for weeks as well. 

The counter for week is 주

  • 일주 - 1 week (Il-ju)

  • 이주 - 2 week (I-ju)

  • 삼주 - 3 week (Sam-ju)

Week

Weekend

주말

Weekday

평일

Day of the week

요일

Last week

지난주

The week before last

지지난주

This week

이번주

Next week

다음주

Week after next week

다다음주

Every week

매주

That’s because the months are just the Sino Korean number + the word for month, which is 월 (wol). Let's take a look:

  1. January: 일월 (irwol)

  2. February: 이월 (iwol)

  3. March: 섬월 (samwol)

  4. April: 서월 (sawol)

  5. May: 오월 (owol)

  6. June: 유월 (yuwol)

  7. July: 칠월 (chirwol)

  8. August: 팔월 (parwol)

  9. September: 구시월 (guwol)

  10. October: 시월 (siwol)

  11. November: 십일월 (sibirwol)

  12. December: 십이월 (sibiwol)

Counter for year is 년

일년 (Il-nyeon) - First year

이년 (I-nyeon) -  Second year

For saying specific years you can just use 년 after the year. 

Eg : 2021년

To say the day, August 15th, 2020 : 2020년 8월 15일.

Some useful vocabulary related to years :

  • 작년 /지난해 - last year
  • 재작년 - two years ago, the year before last
  • 올해 / 금년 - this year
  • 내년 /다음해/이듬해 - next year
  • 내후년 - two years from now
  • 연간 - yearly, one year's time
  • 연초 - beginning of the year
  • 연말 - end of the year
  • 새해 - new year
  • 그해 - that year
  • 다년 - multiple years
  • 매년 / 해마다 - every year, annually
  • 연말 - the end of the year
    • 시대 - an epoch, a period in time
    • 수년 - several years
    • 수년간 - for several years
    • 수년 전 - some years ago
    • 수십년 - several decades
    • 세기 - century
    • 한 세기 - a century (counting)
    • 두 세기 - 2 centuries
    • 수세기 - several centuries
    • 이십일세기 - 21st century
    • 수백년 - hundreds

    Some other useful vocabulary related to time and day :

    Half the daylight hours (usually about 6 hours)

    나절, 한나절

    Quarter the daylight hours (usually about 3 hours)

    반나절

    Day

    Day (Native Korean word)

    Morning (AM)

    오전

    Afternoon (PM)

    오후

    Morning

    아침

    Noon

    정오

    Day

    Evening

    저녁

    Night

    Midnight

    자정

    Dawn

    새벽

    Right now

    지금

    Now

    이제

    Later (shorter time period)

    이따가 / 이따

    Later (longer time period)

    나중에

    At the time of

    당시

    Date

    날짜

    Hour

    Minute

    Second

    Time

    시간

    Moment

    From

    ~부터

    Until

    ~까지, ~껏

    During, duration of, middle of

    ~동안, ~간, ~중(에)

    After

    ~후(에)

    Before

    ~전(에)

    A period in time

    시대


    To understand TOPIK Test structure, application process, Levels and Passing scores etc. check these pages:

    1. TOPIK – The Complete Guide & 2. TOPIK Levels and Passing Marks. You can also Practice Online with TOPIK GUIDE Mock Tests.

    If you are going to take the TOPIK Test for the first time, or if you want to give your score a boost so that you can pass a higher level, we would strongly advise you to get the Complete Guide to TOPIK – Self-Study Package. It is a digital study package that has everything you need to get a great score in the TOPIK test – all the past TOPIK papers with answer sheets, grammar and vocabulary study material, video tutorials explaining the test structure, strategies to solve them and much more. You can check out more details about this study package HERE.

    Learning Korean can be tricky, especially when the goal of your learning is conversation. If you’ve ever attempted to speak Korean but were unable to, then hopefully you’ll find this post helpful.

    Thank you for reading. If you have any questions or suggestions. Comment down below.

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