Ultimate list of terms related to languages in Korean 

 September 23, 2021

By  Smriti

Learning and retaining tons of Korean vocabulary can be very difficult for many language learners. 

Today we have brought to you the list of terms and words used while learning any language in Korean to make your Korean language learning more easier. 

Following are the terms related to linguistics you may come across more often while your language learning journey. 

Korean term

English term

번역하다

Translation, to translate

통역하다

Interpret

번역가

A translator

통역가/통역관

An interpreter

문법

Grammar

회화

Conversation

발음

Pronunciation

관용어

Idiom

관용 표현

Idiomatic expression

속어

Slang

어미

Word ending

반의어

Antonym

단위명사

Counting units

대화

Conversation

표현

An expression

단어

A word

문장

A sentence

분류

Classification

용법

Usage

진행형

Progressive

현재 진행형

Present progressive

품사

Parts of speech

주어

Subject

동사

Verb

사동사

Causative verb

피동사

Passive verb

명사

Noun

대명사

Pronoun

형용사

Adjective

부사

Adverb

조사

Particle / Postposition

감탄사

Interjection / Exclamation

조동사

Auxiliary verb

자음

Consonant

모음

Vowel

반말

Intimate

존댓말

Polite

Terms used to denote the Korean language are different for both North and South Korea, even though both North and South Koreans speak Korean. The difference is due to the different vocabulary or dialect used by two separate countries. It is considered different.

The standard Korean language used by Koreans is referred to as 한국어 ( Hangul-eo ) 

한국 means Korea 어 comes from 언어 meaning language. 

The Korean language spoken by North Koreans is called 북한어 or  문화어

Originally North Korean is almost the same as what South Korean people speak, but is used to distinguish those two individually.


The term 조선어 was used in the early 1900s under Japanese rule. Now it's no longer used in day-to -day life.


The way to write and under the conjugation of how language is written for different countries. 

You simply have to add 어 after the country name and that's it. 

For example :

1) 영국 Is United Kingdom

영국어 or 영어 Is English

 

2) 일본 Is Japan

일본어 Is Japanese

 

3) 중국 Is China

중국어 or 중어 Is Chinese

Similarly there are some examples of different languages. 

Korean Term

English Term

광동어

Cantonese

독일어, 독어

German

프랑스어

French

스팬어

Spanish

포르투갈어

Portuguese

이탈리아어

Italian

라틴어

Latin

러시아어

Russian

아랍어, 아라비아어

Arabic

필리핀어 / 따갈로그

Filipino language/ Tagalog

To understand TOPIK Test structure, application process, Levels and Passing scores etc. check these pages:

  1. TOPIK – The Complete Guide & 2. TOPIK Levels and Passing Marks. You can also Practice Online with TOPIK GUIDE Mock Tests.

If you are going to take the TOPIK Test for the first time, or if you want to give your score a boost so that you can pass a higher level, we would strongly advise you to get the Complete Guide to TOPIK – Self-Study Package. It is a digital study package that has everything you need to get a great score in the TOPIK test – all the past TOPIK papers with answer sheets, grammar and vocabulary study material, video tutorials explaining the test structure, strategies to solve them and much more. You can check out more details about this study package HERE.

Learning Korean can be tricky, especially when the goal of your learning is conversation. If you’ve ever attempted to speak Korean but were unable to, then hopefully you’ll find this post helpful.

Thank you for reading. If you have any questions or suggestions. Comment down below.

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