TOPIK Beginner Level Vocabulary List – With Meanings 

 July 16, 2012

By  Satish Satyarthi

In this post, we are publishing a list of the most basic and important Korean vocabulary for TOPIK I (Beginner Level). You can also  check the  Complete TOPIK Grammar List – Beginner Level (한국어능력시험 초급 기출 문법 리스트).

If you are going to take the TOPIK Test for the first time, or if you want to give your score a boost so that you can pass a higher level, we would strongly advise you to get the Complete Guide to TOPIK – Self-Study Package. It is a digital study package that has everything you need to get a great score in the TOPIK test – all the past TOPIK papers with answer sheets, grammar and vocabulary study material, video tutorials explaining the test structure, strategies to solve them and much more. You can check out more details about this study package HERE.

Nouns

Korean Word

English Meaning

Explanation

가격

price

가구

furniture

가방

bag

가을

fall, autumn

가족

family

price

river

거리

distance

걱정

anxiety; worry

결혼식

wedding

경주

race

경험

experience

계절

season

계획

plan

고민

worry; agony

고양이

cat

고향

hometown

place

공연

performance

공원

park

공책

note book

공항

airport

과일

fruit

과자

snack

관심

interest

교통사고

car accident

구두

dress shoe

구입

purchase

그림

drawing, painting

극장

theater

근처

near

글자

letter

금년

this year

기간

period

기분

Feeling, Mood

김치

Kimchi

까만색

black

flower

꽃집

flower shop

나라

country

나무

tree

day

날씨

weather

남산

Namsan Mountain

내년

next year

내용

content

내일

tomorrow

냉면

cold noodles

냉장고

refrigerator

year

노래

song

누나

older sister (for male)

눈물

tears

 느낌

feeling

다음

next

다음달

next month

단어

word

month

home (honorific form of 집)

도서관

library

money

동대문

Dongdaemun

동생

younger sibling

 뒤

back

드라마

drama

등산

hike

등산화

hiking shoes

라디오

radio

러시아

Russia

 맞은편

across from

머리

head

모습

appearance

모자

hat, cap

무게

weight

door

문구점

stationary store

문제

problem; question; issue

문화

culture

물건

thing

미국

USA

under

바지

pants

박물관

museum

outside

반(수업)

class

room

방법

method

방송국

broadcasting station

ship

배2

pear

배우

actor

백화점

department store

 버스

bus

 번호

number

 병원

hospital

볼펜

ball point pen

spring

부모

parent

부모님

parents

부분

part

부탁

request

분위기

atmosphere

불고기

Bulgogi

rain

비행기

airplane

bread

사과

apple

사람

person

사무실

office

사은품

freebie; bonus gift

사전

dictionary

사진

photo

mountain

color

색깔

colors

생각

thinking, thought

생일

birthday

생활

life

서울

Seoul

서울역

Seoul Station

서점

Bookstore

선물

present, gift

선생님

teacher

설명

explanation

 설악산

Seoraksan

성격

character

소개

introduction

소식

news

hand

손님

customer

수업

class

수첩

pocket book

시간

time

시계

watch

시장

market

시청

city hall

시험

test

식당

resturant

식사

meal

신문

newspaper

신발

shoe

아기

baby

아래

below

아버지

father

아이스크림

ice cream

아저씨

sir, uncle

아주머니

ma’am, aunt

아침

morning

아침

breakfast

아파트

apartment

in

안경

eye glasses, specs

안내

information

in front of

야구

baseball

medicine

약국

pharmacy

약속

appointment

어머니

mother

어제

yesterday

얼굴

face

옛날

old

여자

girl

여행

trip

역사

history

연락

contact

연필

pencil

영수증

receipt

영어

English

영화

movie

beside

오래간만

after a long time

오랜만

after a long time

오른쪽

right (direction)

오후

afternoon

올해

this year

clothes

외국인

foreigner

요리사

chef

요즘

these days

우산

umbrella

우유

milk

운동

exersise

웬일

what matter

upper part

유학

study abroad

은행

bank

음료수

drink

음식

food

음악회

concert

의미

meaning

의자

chair

이름

name

이번

this (ex. this year)

이상

strange

인터넷

internet

work

일본

Japan

일본어

Japanese

일요일

Sunday

자동차

car

자리

seat

자전거

bicycle

작년

last year

잡지

magazine

장소

place

저녁

evening

전자사전

electronic dictonary

전화번호

phone number

점심

lunch

정리

arrangement

제주도

Jeju Island

졸업

graduate

week

주말

weekend

주소

address

주인

owner

준비

prepare

중국

china

지갑

wallet

지난주

last week

지난해

last year

지하철

subway

house

찻값

a tea charge

창문

Window

book

책상

desk

청소

clean

축구

football (soccer)

취미

hobby

취직

getting a job

치마

skirt

친구

friend

침대

bed

카메라

camera

캐나다

Canada

커피

coffee

컴퓨터

computer

큰형

male’s oldest brother

테니스장

tennis court

토요일

saturday

통장

bankbook

파란 색

blue

파티

party

편지

letter

평일

weekday

포도

grape

ticket

품목

goods, items

피아노

piano

필요

need

하숙집

boarding house

학원

academy, coaching center

한국

Korea

한국말

Korean language

한국 어

Korean language

한복

Hanbok (traditional Korean Cloth)

한식집

Korean restaurant

할머니

grandmother

할아버지

grandfather

할인

discount

행사

event

male’s older brother

room number

 Ex: 210호

호선

subway line

 Ex: 2호선

회사

company

회사원

a company employee

회의

meeting

after

휴일

holiday

희망

hope

effort

 

Counting Units

Korean Word

Used to count..

Explanation

general things

Ex: 사과 1개 – 1 Apple

books

 Ex: 책 1권 – 1 Book

machines

마리

animals

people

times (ex, 3 times)

bottles

people (Honorific form of 명/사람)

사람

people

age

송이

bunch (of fruit)

인분

a serving of food

glass

paper

floor

Ex: 1층 – 1st Floor

package

 

Verbs

Korean Word

English Meaning

Explanation

가다

go

가져가다

bring

가지고 가다

go with something

갈아타다

transfer/change (subway line)

감기에 걸리다

catch a cold

갔다오다

go and come

갖다

have/Carry

걱정하다

worry

건너가다

cross (a road)

걸리다

To take (time), To get caught

경험하다

experience

계획을 세우다

make a plan

계획하다

plan

고르다

choose

고장이 나다

get out of order(machines)

 ex)엔진에 고장이 났어요. there is something wrong with engine

구경하다

watch (scenery, landscape etc.), Sightseeing

구하다

rescue

그리다

draw a picture

기다리다

wait

기억을 하다

remember

기억이 나다

remember

길이 막히다

blocked pathway, traffic jam

  ex) 나무가 부러져서 길이 막혔어요.

깎다

trim

꺼내다

take out

끄다

turn off

끊다

cut

끝나다

To end/finish (itself)

끝내다

To end/finish something

끼다

put on

 ex) 장갑을 끼다 put on gloves

나가다

go out

나오다

come out

내다(돈)

pay money

내리다

To get off (a vehicle)

넣다

Put (in)

노래 부르다

sing a song

노래하다

sing

노력하다

make effort

놀다

play, hang out, have fun

농구하다

play basketball

눈물이 나다

cry, tears flowing

다녀오다

to go and come back

다니다

attend

닫다

close

대답하다

answer

도착하다

arrive

돈이들다

cost money

돌아오다

return

되다

become

드리다

give (to older person)

ex) 할아버지께 과일을 드렸어요.

드시다

eat (honorific of 먹다)

 ex) 할아버지께서 과일을 드십니다.

듣다

listen

들다

hold

들어가다

enter

떠나다

leave

마시다

drink

마음에 들다

like

마치다

finish

만나다

meet

만들다

make

ex) 할아버지께 말씀 드리다

말씀 드리다

speak to (older person)

ex) 할아버지께서 말씀하시다

말씀하시다

speak

말하다

speak

먹다

eat

모르다

do not know

모으다

gather

모자라다

insufficient

목욕하다

take a bath

묻다

ask question

물어보다

ask question

받다

receive

밥 먹다

eat food

배우다

learn

벗다

take off

보내다

send

보다

see

부르다

full

부치다

send mail

부탁하다

request

빌려주다

lend

빌리다

borrow

빼다

subtract, remove

사고

accident

ex) 사고가 났다 there iwas an accident

나다

be

사다

buy

사용하다

use

사진을 찍다

take a photo

산책하다

take a walk

살다

live

서다

stand

설거지하다

wash dishes

설명하다

explain

소개하다

introduce

수영하다

swim

쉬다

rest

시작되다

begin/start (itself)

시작하다

start something

시키다

order

식사하다

have a meal

신다

wear (footwear)

싫어하다

dislike

쓰다

write, use

쓰다(모자)

wear (hat)

씻다

wash (face)

앉다

sit

알다

know

알아듣다

understand (after listening)

어울리다

match, suit something

여행하다

travel

연락하다

connect

연습하다

practice

열이나다

Get fever

예약하다

make a reservation

오다

come

오르다

rise

올라오다

come up, climb

우산을 쓰다

use an umbrella

운동하다

exercise

운전하다

drive

웃다

laugh

이사가다

move to other place

이사하다

move to other place

이야기하다

converse/talk

이용하다

use

이해하다

understand

일어나다

wake up

읽다

read

잃다

lose

잃어버리다

lose

입다

wear

잊다

forget

잘 되다

turn out well

잘하다

do well

잠이 오다

become sleepy

잡수시다

eat (honorific form of 먹다)

전하다

transmit, tell information to someone

전화(를) 걸다

call (telephone)

전화를 바꿔주다

To give the phone to someone else

전화를 받다

receive a call

전화를 하다

call

전화하다

call

조심하다

be careful

좋아하다

to like

주다

give

주무시다

sleep (honorific form of 자다)

주문하다

order (food etc.)

준비하다

prepare

지나다

pass

ex) 잘 지내고 있어요.

지내다

spend, live

질문하다

ask a question

짓다

build

찾다

search for

찾아가다

visit

청소하다

clean

초대하다

invite

축구를 하다

play football

출발하다

depart

취직하다

get a job

켜다

switch on

콧물이 나다

have a runny nose

타다

ride

테니스 치다

play tennis

틀리다

incorrect

푹 자다

sleep deeply

피아노를 치다

play piano

하다

do

화나다

get angry

회의하다

have a meeting

Adjectives: 72 Words

가볍다

light

감사하다

thank

계시다

be, exist (Hon. form of 있다)

 ex) 할아버지 방에 계십니다

고맙다

thank

공기가 맑다

Clean and Fresh air

괜찮다

to be okay

기분이 좋다

feel happy, have good mood

길다

long

깊다

deep

깨끗하다

clean

나쁘다

bad

적다

less

낮다

low

넓다

wide

 높다

high

다르다

different

더럽다

dirty

덥다

hot

따뜻하다

Warm

 많다

many

맑다

clear

맛없다

tastes bad, tasteless

맛있다

tastes good, tasty

멋있다

cool, handsome (a cool person)

무섭다

scary

미안하다

sorry

반갑다

glad

밝다

bright

배가 고프다

hungry

배가 부르다

full

배가 아프다

Have stomachache

복잡하다

complicated

부지런하다

diligent

불편하다

inconvenient

비슷하다

similar

비싸다

expensive

새롭다

new

쉽다

easy

슬프다

sad

싫다

hate

싸다

cheap

 아름답다

beautiful

아프다

painful

어둡다

dark

어리다

young

없다

not have

예쁘다

pretty

위험하다

dangerous

유명하다

famous

이상하다

strange

있다

have

작다

small

재미있다

interesting/fun

적다

less

조용하다

quiet

좁다

narrow

좋다

like

죄송하다

sorry

중요하다

important

즐겁다

merry

짧다

short

춥다

cold

친절하다

kind

크다

big

키가 크다

tall

편리하다

convenient

편안하다

comfortable

편하다

easy

피곤하다

tired

필요하다

needed

한가하다

free

힘들다

difficult

 

Adverbs

Korean Word

English Meaning

Explanation

가까이

near

가끔

sometimes

가장

most

갑자기

suddenly

같이

like, together

거의

almost

계속

continuously

soon

그냥

just

금방

soon

surely

나중에

later

날마다(날+마다)=매일

everyday

너무

too

늦게

late

all

more

따로

separately

and, moreover

똑바로

straight

마침내

at last

많이

a lot of

매우

very

매일

daily

먼저

ahead

모두

all

cannot

 ex) 오늘 못 갑니다

미리

in advance

바로

straight; right

방금

right now

벌써

already

별로

very

보통

normally

빨리

quickly

새로

new

서로

each other

아까

some time ago

아마

perhaps

아주

very

아직

yet

어서

quick,

not

언제나

always

열심히

hard

오래

long

오래간만에

in a long time

오랜만에

for a long time

요즘

these days

이따가

later

이제

now

일찍

early

자주

often

well

잠깐

wait

잠시

moment

전혀

not at all

정말

really

제일

best

조금

a little

조용히

quietly

some

지금

now

직접

directly

really

처음

first

천천히

slowly

크게

largely

별히

particularly

특히

especially

well

함께

together

항상

always

혼자

alone

혼자서

alone

 

Conjunctions

Korean Word

English Meaning

Explanation

그래서

so, therefore

그러나

but

그러니까

that’s why

그러면

in that case

그럼

Then

그런데

but

그리고

and

 

Question Words

Korean Word

English Meaning

Explanation

누구

who

무엇

what

what

어디

where

어떻게

how

언제

when

얼마나

how much

why

어느

which

how many

무슨

what, which

 

Numbers

Korean Word

English Meaning

Explanation

3

십삼

13

십이

12

아홉

9

여섯

6

열두

12

열셋

13

1

스물/스무

20

 

Pronouns

Korean Word

English Meaning

Explanation

거기

there

that, he, she, it

그것/그거

that thing

아무거나

Anything

여기

here

여러분

everyone

우리

our

this

이것/이거

this, this thing

that

저것/저거

that thing

저기

there

저희

we

 

Determiners

Korean Word

English Meaning

Explanation

the

4

2

new

3

스무

20

아무데나

Wherever

ex: 아무거나 (whatever)

여러

several

this

that

One

 

Interjections

Korean Word

English Meaning

Explanation

글쎄요

well

yes

아니요

no

여보세요

hello (on phone)

예/네

yes

 

We hope this list help you with your TOPIK preparation. Feel Free to ask If you need help with any of these words. All the Best from TOPIK GUIDE!

  • Great ! Now the only thing that is missing is to sort those after frequency: “The Basic Korean Vocabulary List” by NIKL (National Institute for Korean Language) in their May 2003 publication “Vocabulary List for Studying Korean” (한국어 학습용 어휘 목록). Source: https://21cseonbi.blogspot.com/2006/09/korean-vocabulary-list.html

    Comment: The frequency list / raw document is not accessible anymore through the links provided on the blog, so any insights by TOPIK GUIDE or their readers would be highly appreciated! Also feel free to e-mail me to get in touch. 🙂

  • Is it all for topik beginner? I cant belive! I was expecting more..
    Ps. Thanks so much.. It is really helpfully 🙂

  • Is this the COMPLETE list of vocabulary that is needed for the Beginner Level TOPIK?

    I have gone through all the Nouns and please check the following:
    지난해 – should be “last year”
    창문 – should be “window”

    • Thank you for pointing out the mistakes.. The list was sent by a reader and I couldn’t check it thoroughly..
      the list covers only Grammar-Vocabulary (어휘-문법) section of TOPIK and not all the four sections… words were collected from a total of 17 TOPIK tests administered during 2003 to 2010 ..

  • Thank you for the list.

    I’m using a flashcard app to study the vocabulary for Beginner Level TOPIK and I’m wondering if it’s better to learn them all in alphabetical order or to shuffle the cards? I’m finding it difficult to learn all of the ‘기역’ words one after another as the similar sounding ones start to get jumbled up in my head.

    Any advice or is it just a matter of personal preference?

  • I would like to join Korean language class. I am working in company in south korea near masan city. where did I join Korean language class on sunday ?

  • Hi all! I have just found this site and it is amazing. Thank you to all who have contributed.
    I have started Korean language classes, and being a not-so-young English speaking person, this is a real challenge. It is often the little things you hear along the way that make the difference.
    I have found some formatting problems and english spelling errors. How would you like me to pass these on for reference?

  • Hi all, I have just come across this site, so a very late response. I have noticed some spelling errors and format errors. Would it be better to email my feedback or list them all here?
    I love these lists and thank you to all the participants.

  • I appreciate that you have uploaded this for us but I need to tell you there are mistakes on translation / meanings image lucky because my boyfriend is Korean and I am living in Korea so I could ask someone who is native and use nave dictionary . But for someone that doesn’t have any Korean friend they can question it or ask for examples I think its a bit worrying. I not saying bad I really appreciate your website and your guide. But this needs to be checked again please so others don’t think it means something but it actually mean a different thing for example on the verb 넣다 means to put submit add include it can be use on sentence like I put something on my pocket but in the meaning stated by you its saying pour and it doesn’t even come close to the meaning.

    Also 내리다 is drop but it’s more used as come down or get off they use a lot I’m going to get off bus now. 겆다 is to have to hold to own something not take.
    구경하다 is sightseeing it can be use only for when you are watching a view or the city it Can’t be use to stated I’m watching TV. 길이 막히다 is kinda blocking the pathway but Koreans only use for traffic jam. I haven’t study all vocabulary given here so I don’t know if it has more or not. So that why I’m asking you to review this list.
    Much appreciated
    Fátima

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