The Most Basic Korean Language Connectors 

 March 7, 2016

By  Satish Satyarthi

Recently I was working on creating an online basic Korean grammar course and for that I compiled a list of  the most basic and most important Korean language particles, verb endings and connectors.

On this page, I am giving you the list of the most basic beginner level Korean connectors. Whether you are just a beginner level Korean language learner or you are preparing for TOPIK I test, you must study and understand these connectors properly as these are very commonly used in day-to-day life written and spoken Korean. If you want you can also enroll in this course which has 50 video lectures explaining the most important Korean grammar particles, verb endings and connectors. I have also added a discounted coupon to the link for TOPIK GUIDE Readers. – Korean Grammar for Beginners – Course Enrollment Link.

  1. V + 고 + V  – V + and + Verb
  2. V + 지만 – I do V But
  3. N 보다 – Than N
  4. V + 아서/어서 – And (Sequence), So (Reason)
  5. N + 때문에  and V + 기 때문에 – Because, So (Used to express reason)
  6. V + (으)니까 – Because, So (Used to express reason but mainly with commands, request or proposals)
  7. Adj + (으)ㄴ데 and V + 는데 –   but…, Used to express background information
  8. V + (으)러 –  in order to do .., For doing … (Used with verbs come/go)
  9. V + (으)려고 + Verb – To do … in order to do .. (Can be used with any verb)
  10. N + 때 and V – (으)ㄹ 때 – At the time of …, When..
  11. Time + 동안 During .., For the duration of ..
  12. V + (으)면 – If, When
  13. V + 았/었으면 좋겠다 – I hope/wish/desire
  14. V+ (으)면서 – While doing ..
  15. V + 기 전에 – Before doing …
  16. V + (으)ㄴ 후에 – After doing ..
  17. N + 에 대해서/대해 + Verb and N + 에 대한 + Noun  – About something
  18. N + 을/를 위해서/위해 and V + 기 위해서/위해 – In order to do, For the sake of
  19. 그리고 – and
  20. 그래서 – So
  21. 그러면 – Then, In that case
  22. 그러니까 – That’s why, For that reason
  23. 그러나, 그런데, 그렇지만, 하지만 – But

When connecting two sentences with a conjunctive adverb, it is sufficient simply to place the conjunctive adverb between the two sentences. However, when using a conjunctive ending, the ending must be attached to the word stem of the predicate of the preceding sentence to connect the two sentences. 


For example : 

Weather is hot and humid. 

날씨는 덥다 and 습하다

~고 – connector is added after the stem of the predicate of the preceding sentence which becomes 날씨는 덥고 습하다.


Indian food is tasty but spicy. 

인도 음식은 맛있다 but 맵다

~ 지만 – connector is added after the stem of the preceding sentence which becomes 인도 음식은 맛있지만 맵다


If you are not sure about the conjugation rules of verbs and adjectives. 

Click the link below : 

If you can't wrap your head around the concept of Hangul, the Korean writing system.

Please check this link. Here !! 

If you’re able to read and write Korean alphabets. You might wanna check :

More practice will help you understand the concept more clearly.

It was a short lesson. We'll see you in the next. 

To understand TOPIK Test structure, application process, Levels and Passing scores etc. check these pages:

  1. TOPIK – The Complete Guide & 2. TOPIK Levels and Passing Marks. You can also Practice Online with TOPIK GUIDE Mock Tests.

If you are going to take the TOPIK Test for the first time, or if you want to give your score a boost so that you can pass a higher level, we would strongly advise you to get the Complete Guide to TOPIK – Self-Study Package. It is a digital study package that has everything you need to get a great score in the TOPIK test – all the past TOPIK papers with answer sheets, grammar and vocabulary study material, video tutorials explaining the test structure, strategies to solve them and much more. You can check out more details about this study package HERE.

Learning Korean can be tricky, especially when the goal of your learning is conversation. If you’ve ever attempted to speak Korean but were unable to, then hopefully you’ll find this post helpful.

Thank you for reading. If you have any questions or suggestions. Comment down below.

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