Noun – 때 and Verb – (으)ㄹ 때 [ Korean Grammar ] 

 July 15, 2021

By  Smriti

Learning grammar is one of the most difficult things for Korean language learners. On this blog we will try to help you learn Korean grammar in the quickest and easiest way possible. This blog will be helpful for those who are studying Korean language and want to improve their grammar skills.

Today we’ll see how to form sentences with Korean grammar pattern “ Noun – 때 and Verb – (으)ㄹ 때 ” with some example sentences.

It has the meaning of at the time of, when, during in English.

  • 때 is used with Nouns.
  • (으)ㄹ 때 is used with Verbs.

​Is used to express the time when something happened.

The rule to conjugate :

1) In case of Nouns like 방학 vacation and 전심 lunch time etc.

때 Has to be added in the end of the nouns.

It becomes :

  • 방학 – Vacation
  • 방학 때 – During vacation
  • 점심 – Lunch time
  • 점심 때 – During lunch time

​Noun + 때​​​​​ examples :

  1. 질문 시간 때 – During question hour.
  2. 시작 때 – When it starts.
  3. 그때 – During that time
  4. 시험 때 – During examination
  5. 수업  때 – During class.

2) In case of verbs like 먹다, 자다 etc.

(으)ㄹ 때 Has to be added in the end of verb after removing 다 from the main verb.

  • 을 때 Is added when the verb stem ends with a consonant.
  • ㄹ 때 is added when the verb stem ends with a vowel.

It becomes :

  • ​먹다 ( To eat )  – 먹을 때 ( While eating )
  • 자다 ( To sleep ) – 잘 때 ( While sleeping )
  • 읽을 때 – While reading
  • 입을 때 – While wearing
  • 들을 때 – When listening
  • 배울 때 – While learning
  • 만들 때 – While making
  • 춤출 때 – While dancing
  • 살 때 – While living

Let’s see some examples :

Noun + 때

  • 질문 시간 때 다 주의 깊게 들어야지~

You have to listen carefully during the question time.

  • 그 컴퓨터는 작동 시작 때 삐 하는 소리가 나나요?

Does the computer beep on power-up?

  • 그때가 내 인생에서 가장 행복한 시절이었다.

Those were the happiest days of my life.

  • 그녀는 시험 때 많은 양을 썼다.

She wrote a lot in the exam.

  • 지난번 수업 때 진도가 어디까지 나갔지요?

How far did we get in our last lesson?

Verb + (으)ㄹ 때

  • 소설을 읽을 때는 파라텍스트를 고려해야 한다.

When you read a novel, you must consider the para-texts.

  • 난 네가 파란 남방 입을때 모습이 좋더라.

I love you in the blue shirts.

  • 들을 때마다 점점 더 좋아져.

It’s getting better and better with each listen.

  • 배울 때까지 꼭 해야지

You have to do it until you learn.

  • 내가 직접 만들 때마다 봐도, 비슷하게도 안 되더라고.

Everytime I try to make it myself, it doesn’t turn out nearly as good.

  • 춤출 때 난 살아 있음을 느끼거든.

Because I only feel alive when I’m dancing.

  • 그녀는 한국에 살 때 한국어를 익히게 되었다.

She picked up Korean when she was living in Korea.

Related Korean grammar posts :

어서/아서 vs (으)니까 and (기) 때문에

Noun +~에서/부터 ~까지

Noun + 보다

Verb+(으)려고 하다

V/A + 아/어/해야 하다 and 되다

Verb + (으)ㄹ수있다/없다

 

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  1. TOPIK – The Complete Guide & 2. TOPIK Levels and Passing Marks. You can also Practice Online with TOPIK GUIDE Mock Tests.

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Learning Korean can be tricky, especially when the goal of your learning is conversation. If you’ve ever attempted to speak Korean but were unable to, then hopefully you’ll find this post helpful.

Thank you for reading. If you have any questions or suggestions. Comment down below.

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