Today we'll be looking at the usage of "A/V ~(으)니까" with some example sentences.
(으)니까 has many different usages. It can be used to express a reason for an action or state. It has the same meaning as 'since’ or 'because'.
The subordinate clause (first clause) expresses the reason, and the main clause (second clause) expresses the result.
The conjugation rules are :
- If there is no 받침 or if the stem ends with a ㄹ 받침 - A / V +니까 is used.
- If there is a 받침 at the end of the A/V stem - A / V + 으니까 is used.
읽다 - 읽으니까
바쁘다 - 바쁘니까
학생이다 - 학생이 니까
알다 - 아니까
듣다 - 들으니까
춥다 - 추우니까
(으)니까 can also combine with the past tense marker to describe a past event or state.
읽다 - 읽었 으니까
바쁘다 - 바빴 으니까
공부하다 - 공부 했으니까
Let's try to understand the usage with the following examples :
1) 오늘 비가 많이 오니까 만나지 맙시다.
Let's not meet today because of the heavy rain.
2) 내가 잘못 했으니 까 내가 사과 할게.
It was my mistake, so I'll apologize.
3) 담배를 피우니까 기분이 좋아 졌어요.
I feel better because of smoking.
4) 시간이 없으니까 빨리 먹자.
Let's eat quickly because we don't have enough time.
5) 버스에 사람이 많으니까 걸어 갑시다.
There are too many people on the bus, so let's walk.
6) 한국말을 잘 모르니까 천천히 말씀하세요.
I don't know Korean very well, so please speak slowly.
7) 봄이 되니까 꽃이 활짝 피 었어요.
It's spring, so many flowers are in full bloom.
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Learning Korean can be tricky, especially when the goal of your learning is conversation. If you’ve ever attempted to speak Korean but were unable to, then hopefully you’ll find this post helpful.
Thank you for reading. If you have any questions or suggestions. Comment down below.