Complete Guide to TOPIK - Self Study Package BX0121

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Today we'll be looking at the usage of "A/V (으)ㄴ/는 반면에" Korean grammar point with some examples.

Usage :

This grammar pattern expresses the fact that two things are opposite. For example, if you want to say, "Andy is good at reading, but he is not good at speaking", then you will say, "앤디가 읽기는 잘하는 반면에 말하기는 잘 못해요". This grammar pattern is equivalent to saying opposite, in contrast, while, whereas, on the other hand etc.

Conjugation rule :

You have to remove 다 from the stem and have to add (으)ㄴ 반면에 after the adjectives; if the stem ends with a consonant add ~은 반면에 and if the stem ends with a vowel add ~ㄴ 반면에.

With verbs (present tense), after removing 다 from the base form of verb add ~는 반면에 at the end.

With verbs (past tense) if the stem ends with a consonant add ~은 반면에 and if the stem ends with a vowel add ~ㄴ 반면에.

Lets look at some sentences below for example :

1) The eldest son is quiet and gentle, while the younger son is cute.

큰아들은 말이 없고 점잖은 반면에 작은아들은 애교가 많아요.

2)This singer has excellent singing skills while lacks dance skills.

이 가수는 가창력이 뛰어난 반면 춤 실력이 부족해요.

3) While Korea has few natural resources, it has excellent human resources.

우리나라는 천연자원이 적은 반면에 인적 자원이 우수해요.

Adjective + -(으)ㄴ 반면에

1) He is extremely tall while I am not.

그는 키가 큰 반면에 나는 그렇지 않아요.

2) Some countries have many holidays, while Korea doesn’t have many. 

어떤 나라는 명절이 많은 반면에, 한국에는 많이 없습니다.

3) Some of these fruits are great for health while others are acid-forming.

이런 과일 중 몇은 건강을 위해 좋은 반면에 다른 것들은 산성입니다.

4) On the other hand, the fare for these taxis will be higher. 

반면에, 이 택시의 요금은 더 비쌀 것이에요.


Verb +  -는 반면에 / -는 데 반해 (Present Tense )

1) Seung-gyu is good at math while not good at foreign languages.

승규는 수학을 잘하는 반면에 외국어는 못하는 편이에요.

2) Some may go to the beach for a tan while some simply go for the view. 

몇은 태닝을 하기 위해 가는 반면, 다른 몇은 단순히 경치를 보러 가요.

3) While Minjun's company pays a lot of salaries, it also has a lot of workload.

민준 회사는 월급을 많이 주는 반면에 업무량도 많아요.

Verb + -(으)ㄴ 반면에 / -(으)ㄴ 데 반해 (Past Tense)

1) Young-soo came home and had a full dinner, while Jisoo came late and couldn't eat anything.

영수는 집에 와서 저녁을 배불리 먹은 반면에 지수는 늦게 와서 아무것도 먹지 못했어요.

2) Those who arrived early settled down, while those who came late had to stand and watch the performance.

일찍 도착한 사람들은 자리를 잡은 반면에 늦게 온 사람들은 서서 공연을 봐야 했어요.

4) While the company is far from home, it is fortunate that the children's school is close.

집에서 회사는 먼 반면에 아이들 학교는 가까워서 다행이야.

Let's look at some more examples below: 

1) While the child likes snacks, the mother tried to feed him every meal because he did not eat well.

아이가 과자는 좋아하는 반면에 밥을 잘 먹지 않아 끼니 때마다 엄마가 밥을 먹이려고 애썼어요.

2) While automobiles have the advantage of being convenient to move, they also have the disadvantage of maintenance costs and risk of accidents.

자동차는 이동하기에 편리하다는 장점이 있는 반면 유지비가 들고 사고의 위험도 있다는 단점이 있어요.

3) My grandmother's house has a broder yard while the inside of the house is narrow.

우리 할머니 댁은 마당이 넓은 반면 집 내부는 좁은 편이에요.

4) Amusement parks are crowded on weekends while there are few people on weekdays.

놀이공원은 평일에는 사람이 적은 반면에 주말에는 붐벼요.

5) The company where Seung-gyu works has a high salary while working hours are long.

승규가 다니는 회사는 월급이 많은 반면에 근무 시간도 길어요.

6) People sometimes misunderstand the younger brother as an older brother because the younger brother is tall while the older brother is short.

그 형제는 형이 키가 작은 반면에 동생이 키가 커서 사람들이 동생을 형으로 오해하기도 해요.

7) It's amazing to see that I'm always short of pocket money, while Jisoo is always left with some.

나는 항상 용돈이 부족한 반면 지수는 항상 남는 걸 보면 신기해요.

8) Min-joon left as soon as he finished work, while Seung-kyu remained to help him finish.

민준이는 일이 끝나자마자 자리를 떠난 반면 승규는 남아서 마무리를 도와 줬어요.

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