A/V (으)ㄴ/는 반면에 [ Korean Grammar ] 

 March 14, 2022

By  Smriti

Today we'll be looking at the usage of "A/V (으)ㄴ/는 반면에" Korean grammar point with some examples.


A state in which the meaning of following words are opposite to that of preceding words.

It is equivalent to saying opposite, in contrast, while, whereas, on the other hand etc. 

Similar to A/V/N -ㄴ/은/는 대신(에) grammar pattern.

A/V (으)ㄴ/는 반면에 [ Korean Grammar ]

Lets look at some sentences below for example :

1) While Korea has few natural resources, it has excellent human resources.

우리나라는 천연자원이 적은 반면에 인적 자원이 우수하다.

2) The eldest son is quiet and gentle, while the younger son is cute.

큰아들은 말이 없고 점잖은 반면에 작은아들은 애교가 많다.

3) This singer has excellent singing skills while lacks dance skills.

이 가수는 가창력이 뛰어난 반면 춤 실력이 부족하다.

The basic conjugation rule is :

Adjective + -(으)ㄴ 반면에

  • If the stem ends with a consonant add ~은 반면에
  • If the stem ends with a vowel add ~ㄴ 반면에

For example :

1) Some of these fruits are great for health while others are acid-forming.

이런 과일 중 몇몇은 건강을 위해 좋은반면에 다른 것들은 산성입니다.


2) Some countries have many holidays, while Korea doesn’t have many. 

어떤 나라는 명절이 많은 반면에, 한국에는 많이 없습니다.


3) I admit that he is extremely tall while I am not.

나는 그는 극히 큰 반면에 나는 그렇지 않다는 사실을 인정한다.


4) On the other hand, the fare for these taxis will be higher. 

반면에, 이 택시의 요금은 더 비쌀 것이다.


Verb +  -는 반면에 / -는 데 반해 (Present Tense )

  • After removing 다 from the root verb add ~는 반면에 at the end irrespective of whether the verb stem ends with a consonant or vowel.

For example :

1) Some may go to the beach for a tan while some simply go for the view. 

몇몇은 태닝을 하기 위해 가는 반면, 다른 몇몇은 단순히 경치를 보러 간다.


2) While Minjun's company pays a lot of salaries, it also has a lot of workload.

민준이네 회사는 월급을 많이 주는 반면에 업무량도 많다.

Verb + -(으)ㄴ 반면에 / -(으)ㄴ 데 반해 (Past Tense)

  • If the stem ends with a consonant add ~은 반면에
  • If the stem ends with a vowel add ~ㄴ 반면에

For example :

1) Young-soo came home and had a full dinner, while Jisoo came late and couldn't eat anything.

영수는 집에 와서 저녁을 배불리 먹은 반면에 지수는 늦게 와서 아무것도 먹지 못했다.

2) Those who arrived early settled down, while those who came late had to stand and watch the performance.

일찍 도착한 사람들은 자리를 잡은 반면에 늦게 온 사람들은 서서 공연을 봐야 했다.

3) The medicine is bitter while effective, so many people go for it.

그 약은 쓴 반면에 효과가 빨라서 사람들이 많이 찾는다.

4) While the company is far from home, it is fortunate that the children's school is close.

집에서 회사는 먼 반면에 아이들 학교는 가까워서 다행이야.

Let's look at some more examples below: 

1) While the child likes snacks, the mother tried to feed him every meal because he did not eat well.

아이가 과자는 좋아하는 반면에 밥을 잘 먹지 않아 끼니 때마다 엄마가 밥을 먹이려고 애썼다.

2) While automobiles have the advantage of being convenient to move, they also have the disadvantage of maintenance costs and risk of accidents.

자동차는 이동하기에 편리하다는 장점이 있는 반면 유지비가 들고 사고의 위험도 있다는 단점이 있다.

3) My grandmother's house has a broder yard while the inside of the house is narrow.

우리 할머니 댁은 마당이 넓은 반면 집 내부는 좁은 편이다.

4) Amusement parks are crowded on weekends while there are few people on weekdays.

놀이공원은 평일에는 사람이 적은 반면에 주말에는 붐빈다.

5) The company where Seung-gyu works has a high salary while working hours are long.

승규가 다니는 회사는 월급이 많은 반면에 근무 시간도 길다.

6) People sometimes misunderstand the younger brother as an older brother because the younger brother is tall while the older brother is short.

그 형제는 형이 키가 작은 반면에 동생이 키가 커서 사람들이 동생을 형으로 오해하기도 한다.

7) It's amazing to see that I'm always short of pocket money, while Jisoo is always left with some.

나는 항상 용돈이 부족한 반면 지수는 항상 남는 걸 보면 신기하다.

8) Min-joon left as soon as he finished work, while Seung-kyu remained to help him finish.

민준이는 일이 끝나자마자 자리를 떠난 반면 승규는 남아서 마무리를 도왔다.

9) Seung-gyu is good at math while not good at foreign languages.

승규는 수학을 잘하는 반면에 외국어는 못하는 편이다.

To understand TOPIK Test structure, application process, Levels and Passing scores etc. check these pages:

  1. TOPIK – The Complete Guide & 2. TOPIK Levels and Passing Marks. You can also Practice Online with TOPIK GUIDE Mock Tests.

If you are going to take the TOPIK Test for the first time, or if you want to give your score a boost so that you can pass a higher level, we would strongly advise you to get the Complete Guide to TOPIK – Self-Study Package. It is a digital study package that has everything you need to get a great score in the TOPIK test – all the past TOPIK papers with answer sheets, grammar and vocabulary study material, video tutorials explaining the test structure, strategies to solve them and much more. You can check out more details about this study package HERE.

Learning Korean can be tricky, especially when the goal of your learning is conversation. If you’ve ever attempted to speak Korean but were unable to, then hopefully you’ll find this post helpful.

Thank you for reading. If you have any questions or suggestions. Comment down below.

{"email":"Email address invalid","url":"Website address invalid","required":"Required field missing"}