Learning grammar is one of the most difficult things for Korean language learners. On this blog we will try to help you learn Korean grammar in the quickest and easiest way possible. This blog will be helpful for those who are studying Korean language and want to improve their grammar skills.
Today we’ll see how to form sentences with Korean grammar pattern “ Verb + (으)면서 “ with some example sentences.
Verb + (으)면서 is used when two activities occur one after another, simultaneously.
It has the meaning of "while doing something" or "As…….".
Let's try to understand this grammar with some examples :
- 점심을 먹으면서 한마디도 하지 않았다.
He did not utter a word during lunch.
- 그가 자면서 무슨 말을 중얼거렸다.
He mumbled something as he slept.
- 제가 먼저 가면서 길을 안내해 드리겠어요.
I’ll go first while showing you the way.
The rule to conjugate Verb + (으)면서 grammar pattern :
In the case 1 :
When the verb stem after removing 다 from the main verb, ends with a consonant. Then ~(으)면서 has to be used.
Eg :먹다 - 먹으면서
닦다 - 닦으면서
In case 2 :
When the verb stem after removing 다 from the main verb, ends with a verb. Then ~면서 has to be used.
Eg :가다 - 가면서
저다 - 자면서
In case 3 :
When the verb stem after removing 다 from the main verb, ends with ㄹ. In that case only 면서 has to be used.
Eg :만들다 - 만들면서
듣다 - 들면서
Example sentences :
1) 우리는 점심을 먹으면서 그것을 논의할 것이다.
We’ll discuss it over lunch. (We'll discuss it while having lunch.)
2) 너무 매워서 땀을 닦으면서 먹어요.
It is so spicy that I eat it while wiping away my sweat.
3) 그녀가 경주 끝무렵으로 가면서 뒤로 처졌다.
As she approached the end of the race, she fell back.
4) 아이가 자면서 코를 훌쩍이는 소리가 들렸다.
A sniffling sound was heard as the child was sleeping.
5) 그녀가 케익을 만들면서 버터를 다 써버렸다.
She ran out of butter while making the cake.
6) 그는 나이가 들면서 트롯 음악에 대한 열정이 식었다.
As he got older, his passion for trot music waned.
7) 눈을 감으면서 들은 거예요.
I'm listening to it while closing my eyes.
8) 그래. 하루하루 감사하면서 살도록 해 봐.
Okay. Try to live each day while being grateful.
9) 실패를 경험하면서 대부분의 사람들은 자신감을 잃는 경향이 있습니다.
As we experience failures, most of us tend to lose self-confidence.
10) 도쿄에서 공부하면서, 이수현은 많은 파트타임 일도 하였다.
While studying in Tokyo, Lee also held many part-time jobs.
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- TOPIK – The Complete Guide & 2. TOPIK Levels and Passing Marks. You can also Practice Online with TOPIK GUIDE Mock Tests.
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Learning Korean can be tricky, especially when the goal of your learning is conversation. If you’ve ever attempted to speak Korean but were unable to, then hopefully you’ll find this post helpful.
Thank you for reading. If you have any questions or suggestions. Comment down below.