라고/라는/다고/다는/자고/냐고 하다 [ Korean Grammar ] 

 June 21, 2021

By  Smriti

Learning grammar is one of the most difficult things for Korean language learners. On this blog we will try to help you learn Korean grammar in the quickest and easiest way possible. This blog will be helpful for those who are studying Korean language and want to improve their grammar skills.

Today we’ll see how to form sentences with grammar pattern “라고/라는/다고/다는/자고/냐고 하다 " in Indirect speech with some example sentences. 

1. Noun + (이)라고 하다

Is used after the noun followed by the verb. It is used to refer to something being said in a way by someone or somewhere. 

For example :

  • 집에 빨리 가라고 했어요. He told him to go home immediately.
  • 뭐라고 했어요? – What did you say?
  • 그 사람이 유명한 분이라고 들었어요. – I heard that this person is famous.
  • 저 친구 이름은 여빈이래요. That friend's name is Yeobin.

N + (이)래요 is the short form.

2. Noun + (이)라는 + Noun

Is used when you want to refer to one noun being like the other noun. This is equivalent to saying, a 'Noun' who is 'Noun'.

Noun + (이)란 + Noun is the short form.

For example :

  • 방탄소년단이라는 가수들의 누래 요즘에 미국에서도 유명해요. - The songs of singers called BTS are famous in America these days.
  • 그 선생님이란 분 저의 아버지예요. – That person who is the teacher, is my father. 

3. Verb + (ㄴ/는)다고 하다

You use Verb + (ㄴ/는)다고 하다 when you know about something happening indirectly. Used in declarative sentences. 

For example :

  • 그 사람이 내일 돈 가져온다고 말했어요. - He said he would bring the money tomorrow. 
  • 이 영화는 재미있다고 들었어요. – I heard this movie is fun. 

Verb + (ㄴ/는)대요 is the short form. 

4. Verb + 다는 + Noun

You use Verb + 다는 + Noun when you want to reference a noun which has an indirect verb as an adjective modifying it. This is equivalent to saying, a Noun is / who is doing Verb.

For example :

  • 한국에 간다는 사람 - A person who is going to Korea.
  • 나는 지금 연락 받았어서 그녀가 인도에 도착했다는 것 알아요. - I just got the call so I know she has arrived in India. 

Verb + 단 + Noun is the short form.

5. Verb + (으)라고 하다

You use Verb + (으)라고 하다 when you are quoting an imperative statement.

For example :

  • 그 사람한테 하지말라고 했어요! – I told him to stop doing it!
  • 그럴 수도 있지. 울지 말라고 했어. - Things like that happen, too.  She told me not to cry.

Verb + 래요 is the short form.

6. Verb + 자고 하다

You use Verb + 자고 하다 when you are quoting an suggestive statement.

For example :

  • 친구랑 집앞에서 만나자고 말했어요 – I told to meet my friend in front of the house.
  • 2년 만에 만났기 때문에  같이 밥 먹자고 했어 - We met after two years, so I asked to have dinner together. 

Verb + 래요 is the short form.

7. Verb + 냐고 하다

You use Verb + 냐고 하다 when you are quoting an interrogative question.

For example :

  • 그 놈은 잘 지내냐고 말했어요 – That guy asked me how I was doing.
  • 어떻게 했냐고 말해 - Tell me what you did. 

Verb + 냬요 is the short form.

Learning Korean can be tricky, especially when the goal of your learning is conversation. If you’ve ever attempted to speak Korean but were unable to, then hopefully you’ll find this post helpful.

Thank you for reading. If you have any questions or suggestions. Comment down below. 

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