Learning grammar is one of the most difficult things for Korean language learners. On this blog we will try to help you learn Korean grammar in the quickest and easiest way possible. This blog will be helpful for those who are studying Korean language and want to improve their grammar skills.
Today we’ll see how to form sentences with grammar pattern “Adjective + 아/어지다" with some example sentences.
By adding ~Adjective + 아/어지다 you can express the 'change of state over time'. In English we can use the term ‘ become or turned into ’ as a similar expression to express change of state.
- If the stem ends with ㅗ or ㅏ then 아지다 is used otherwise 어지다 is used.
- If the verb ends with 하다 then it changes to 해지다.
How to conjugate “A + 아/어지다" grammar pattern?
A + 아지다
Used when there is a vowel ‘ㅏ’ or ‘ㅗ’ in the stem
작다 - 작아지다
A + 어지다
Used when vowel in the stem is other than ‘ㅏ or ㅗ’
이쁘다 - 이뻐지다
A + 해지다
Used when the verb ends with 하다
날씬하다 - 날씬해지다
1) Regarding the ‘아 지다’ conjugation information, remove ‘다’ from basic form of the verb, if the verb stem ends with ㅗ or ㅏ, attach ‘아 지다 ’ after the verb stem.
For example in adjective like 작다 the stem ends with 아, then 아지다 has to be added in the end.
Ex : 작다 - 작아지다
2) Regarding the ‘어 지다’ conjugation information, remove ‘다’ from basic form of the verb, if the verb stem ends with vowel other than ㅗ or ㅏ, attach ‘어 지다 ’ after the verb stem.
For example in adjective like 작다 the stem ends with 아 then 아지다 has to be added in the end.
Ex : 작다 - 작아지다
3) Regarding the ‘해 지다’ conjugation information, remove ‘다’ from basic form of the verb, if the verb stem ends with 하attach ‘해 지다 ’ after the verb stem.
In 날씬하다 the verb stem ends with 하다 so we'll add '해 지다' at the end.
Ex : 날씬하다 - 날씬해지다
- 옛날에는 집 멀었는데 이사해서 가까워졌어요. ( Earlier my house used to be far but it became closer since I moved. )
- 잘 지냈어요? 처음 보기 보다 더 날씬해졌어요. (How are you doing? You've become thinner than before.)
- 봄 끝나고 날씨가 더워졌어요. (Weather has become hot after spring.)
Things to keep in mind :
- The 아/어지다 expression has to be used to with adjectives only and never with the verbs.
2. 아/어졌어요 has to be used to express the change of state happened in the past AND 아/어져요 has to be used to express the change of state happened in present or when particular action is performed.
- 코로나 때문에 집 안에만 있어서 살 많이 쪘어요. (I gained weight because of not doing anything at home during COVID.)
- 날씨가 더 시원해져요. (The weather is getting cooler.)
Learning Korean can be tricky, especially when the goal of your learning is conversation. If you’ve ever attempted to speak Korean but were unable to, then hopefully you’ll find this post helpful.
Thank you for reading. If you have any questions or suggestions. Comment down below.