Complete Guide to TOPIK - Self Study Package BX0121

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Today let's see the usage of ~(으)로 말미암아 and its conjugation rules with some example sentences.


The usage is quite simple like other grammar points like ~는 탓에 and ~는 바람에 which is used to express reason or cause in the first clause which resulted in the failure of the second clause of the sentence.

The word "말미암아" itself means come from, arise from, be derived from, be owing to, be due to etc. 

It is equivalent to saying because of, due to or owing to….

(으)로 말미암아

~으로 말미암아

owing to 

~으로 말미암아

because of 

~으로 말미암아

in consequence of 

~으로 말미암아

on account of 

~으로 말미암아

in accordance with 

The rule to conjugate : 
  1. If the word doesn't ends with a final consonant (받침) but instead ends with a vowel, then 로 말미암아 is used.
  2. If the word ends with a final consonant (밧침) then 으로 말미암아 is used.

Let's see some sentences as an example :
  • 환경 오염으로 말미암아 생태계는 큰 변화를 가져오게 되었다.

Environmental pollution has brought about great changes to the ecosystem.

In the above sentence we can see how (환경 오염) environmental pollution is the reason for (큰 변화) big change in the (생태계) ecosystem.

1) 운전 부주의로 말미암은 사고

An accident due to careless driving.


2) 어머님은 폭설로 말미암아 오시지 못했다

My mother couldn't come because of the heavy snow.


3) 그의 실패는 태만으로 말미암은 것이다

His failure is due to negligence.

4) 이것으로 말미암아 안보의 문제가 발생하다.

Due to this, security problem is created.

5) 그는 병으로 말미암아 쇠약해졌다

He was weakened due to illness.

6) 그것은 그의 태만으로 말미암아 일어났다.

It happened because of his negligence.

7) 그는 불행으로 말미암아 절망에 빠졌다.

He fell into despair from misfortune.

To understand TOPIK Test structure, application process, Levels and Passing scores etc. check these pages:

  1. TOPIK – The Complete Guide & 2. TOPIK Levels and Passing Marks. You can also Practice Online with TOPIK GUIDE Mock Tests.

If you are going to take the TOPIK Test for the first time, or if you want to give your score a boost so that you can pass a higher level, we would strongly advise you to get the Complete Guide to TOPIK – Self-Study Package. It is a digital study package that has everything you need to get a great score in the TOPIK test – all the past TOPIK papers with answer sheets, grammar and vocabulary study material, video tutorials explaining the test structure, strategies to solve them and much more. You can check out more details about this study package HERE.

Learning Korean can be tricky, especially when the goal of your learning is conversation. If you’ve ever attempted to speak Korean but were unable to, then hopefully you’ll find this post helpful.

Thank you for reading. If you have any questions or suggestions. Comment down below.

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